The present study is focused on the geometric optimization, according to Constructal Design, of a semielliptical morphing fin, i.e. a fin that can vary its dimensions, inserted into a lid-driven square cavity under mixed convection. The fluid flow is considered incompressible, two-dimensional, laminar and at the steady state. Conservation equations of mass, momentum and energy are solved numerically by means of the Finite Volume Method. Moreover, buoyancy forces are modeled with Boussinesq approximation. The main purpose here is to maximize the dimensionless heat transfer rate between the heated fin and the surrounding flow for different Reynolds (ReH = 10, 10^2 and 10^3) and Rayleigh (RaH = 10^3, 10^4, 10^5 and 10^6) numbers keeping constant the Prandtl number (Pr = 0.71). The studied domain has two constraints (areas of fin and cavity) and one degree of freedom given by the aspect ratio between the height and length of the fin (H1/L1), which is evaluated in three different surfaces of the cavity and four different area fractions of the fin. Results showed that the optimal configurations presented a gain in the thermal performance on the order of 40% in relation to other geometries. Finally, it is worth to mention that the optimal shapes here discovered are highly influenced by Reynolds and Rayleigh numbers.

Constructal design of a semi-elliptical fin inserted in a lid-driven square cavity with mixed convection

C. Biserni
2018

Abstract

The present study is focused on the geometric optimization, according to Constructal Design, of a semielliptical morphing fin, i.e. a fin that can vary its dimensions, inserted into a lid-driven square cavity under mixed convection. The fluid flow is considered incompressible, two-dimensional, laminar and at the steady state. Conservation equations of mass, momentum and energy are solved numerically by means of the Finite Volume Method. Moreover, buoyancy forces are modeled with Boussinesq approximation. The main purpose here is to maximize the dimensionless heat transfer rate between the heated fin and the surrounding flow for different Reynolds (ReH = 10, 10^2 and 10^3) and Rayleigh (RaH = 10^3, 10^4, 10^5 and 10^6) numbers keeping constant the Prandtl number (Pr = 0.71). The studied domain has two constraints (areas of fin and cavity) and one degree of freedom given by the aspect ratio between the height and length of the fin (H1/L1), which is evaluated in three different surfaces of the cavity and four different area fractions of the fin. Results showed that the optimal configurations presented a gain in the thermal performance on the order of 40% in relation to other geometries. Finally, it is worth to mention that the optimal shapes here discovered are highly influenced by Reynolds and Rayleigh numbers.
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER
A.L. Razera; R.J.C. da Fonseca; L.A. Isoldi; E.D. dos Santos; L.A.O. Rocha; C. Biserni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/642708
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