Comparative genomics has become a central tool for evolutionary biology, and a better knowledge of understudied taxa represents the foundation for future work. In this study we characterized the transcriptome of male and female mature gonads in the European clam Ruditapes decussatus, compared to that in the Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum providing, for the first time in bivalves, information about transcription dynamics and sequence evolution of sex-biased genes. In both the species we found a relatively low number of sex-biased genes (1,284, corresponding to 41.3% of the orthologous genes between the two species), probably due to the absence of sexual dimorphism, and the transcriptional bias is maintained in only 33% of the orthologs. The dN/dS is generally low, indicating purifying selection, with genes where the female-biased transcription is maintained between the two species showing a significantly higher dN/dS. Genes involved in embryo development, cell proliferation, and maintenance of genome stability show a faster sequence evolution. Finally, we report a lack of clear correlation between transcription level and evolutionary rate in these species, in contrast with studies that reported a negative correlation. We discuss such discrepancy and call into question some methodological approaches and rationales generally used in this type of comparative studies.

Comparative transcriptomics in two bivalve species offers different perspectives on the evolution of sex-biased genes

Ghiselli, F
;
IANNELLO, MARIANGELA;PUCCIO, GUGLIELMO;Plazzi, F;Passamonti, M
2018

Abstract

Comparative genomics has become a central tool for evolutionary biology, and a better knowledge of understudied taxa represents the foundation for future work. In this study we characterized the transcriptome of male and female mature gonads in the European clam Ruditapes decussatus, compared to that in the Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum providing, for the first time in bivalves, information about transcription dynamics and sequence evolution of sex-biased genes. In both the species we found a relatively low number of sex-biased genes (1,284, corresponding to 41.3% of the orthologous genes between the two species), probably due to the absence of sexual dimorphism, and the transcriptional bias is maintained in only 33% of the orthologs. The dN/dS is generally low, indicating purifying selection, with genes where the female-biased transcription is maintained between the two species showing a significantly higher dN/dS. Genes involved in embryo development, cell proliferation, and maintenance of genome stability show a faster sequence evolution. Finally, we report a lack of clear correlation between transcription level and evolutionary rate in these species, in contrast with studies that reported a negative correlation. We discuss such discrepancy and call into question some methodological approaches and rationales generally used in this type of comparative studies.
Ghiselli, F; Iannello, M; Puccio, G; Chang, P L; Plazzi, F; Nuzhdin, S V; Passamonti, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/635669
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