The distinction between active inflammation and fibrosis of the bowel wall is essential for therapeutic decisions in stricturing Crohn's disease. We aimed to assess whether real-time elastography (RTE) with strain ratio measurement could be useful in differentiating fibrotic from inflamed bowel strictures and to evaluate the possible relationship between US techniques and the histology of the stenotic bowel wall.Bowel ultrasonography (including RTE, color-Doppler and CEUS examination) was prospectively evaluated in 26 patients with symptomatic stricturing Crohn's disease, before surgery. RTE was adopted to evaluate bowel stiffness: five loops of 20 RTE frames were recorded for each stenotic segment and the mean strain ratio (MSR) was obtained. Histology scoring systems both for inflammation and fibrosis were established for surgical specimens.No significant correlation was found between MSR and fibrosis score (P = 0.877). Color-Doppler score was significantly related to gut wall and submucosal thicknesses (P = 0.006 and P = 0.032, respectively). There was no significant correlation between the number of vessels counted at histology and color-Doppler and CEUS examinations (P = 0.170 and P = 0.302, respectively).MSR detection was not able to distinguish fibrotic from inflammatory tissue in our selected population. This result could be influenced by the presence of the superimposed inflammation. Larger cohort of patients, further analysis with shear wave elastography, and validated histopathology classification systems for fibrosis and inflammation are necessary to assess if intestinal fibrosis could be reliably detected on the basis of bowel elastic properties.

Real-time elastography for the detection of fibrotic and inflammatory tissue in patients with stricturing Crohn's disease / Serra, Carla; Rizzello, Fernando; Pratico', Chiara; Felicani, Cristina; Fiorini, Erica; Brugnera, Ramona; Mazzotta, Elena; Giunchi, Francesca; Fiorentino, Michelangelo; D'Errico, Antonietta; Morselli-Labate, Antonio Maria; Mastroroberto, Marianna; Campieri, Massimo; Poggioli, Gilberto; Gionchetti, Paolo. - In: JOURNAL OF ULTRASOUND. - ISSN 1971-3495. - STAMPA. - 20:4(2017), pp. 273-284. [10.1007/s40477-017-0265-2]

Real-time elastography for the detection of fibrotic and inflammatory tissue in patients with stricturing Crohn's disease

Serra, Carla;Rizzello, Fernando;Pratico', Chiara;Felicani, Cristina;Fiorini, Erica;Brugnera, Ramona;Mazzotta, Elena;Giunchi, Francesca;Fiorentino, Michelangelo;D'Errico, Antonietta;Morselli-Labate, Antonio Maria;Mastroroberto, Marianna;Campieri, Massimo;Poggioli, Gilberto;Gionchetti, Paolo
2017

Abstract

The distinction between active inflammation and fibrosis of the bowel wall is essential for therapeutic decisions in stricturing Crohn's disease. We aimed to assess whether real-time elastography (RTE) with strain ratio measurement could be useful in differentiating fibrotic from inflamed bowel strictures and to evaluate the possible relationship between US techniques and the histology of the stenotic bowel wall.Bowel ultrasonography (including RTE, color-Doppler and CEUS examination) was prospectively evaluated in 26 patients with symptomatic stricturing Crohn's disease, before surgery. RTE was adopted to evaluate bowel stiffness: five loops of 20 RTE frames were recorded for each stenotic segment and the mean strain ratio (MSR) was obtained. Histology scoring systems both for inflammation and fibrosis were established for surgical specimens.No significant correlation was found between MSR and fibrosis score (P = 0.877). Color-Doppler score was significantly related to gut wall and submucosal thicknesses (P = 0.006 and P = 0.032, respectively). There was no significant correlation between the number of vessels counted at histology and color-Doppler and CEUS examinations (P = 0.170 and P = 0.302, respectively).MSR detection was not able to distinguish fibrotic from inflammatory tissue in our selected population. This result could be influenced by the presence of the superimposed inflammation. Larger cohort of patients, further analysis with shear wave elastography, and validated histopathology classification systems for fibrosis and inflammation are necessary to assess if intestinal fibrosis could be reliably detected on the basis of bowel elastic properties.
2017
Real-time elastography for the detection of fibrotic and inflammatory tissue in patients with stricturing Crohn's disease / Serra, Carla; Rizzello, Fernando; Pratico', Chiara; Felicani, Cristina; Fiorini, Erica; Brugnera, Ramona; Mazzotta, Elena; Giunchi, Francesca; Fiorentino, Michelangelo; D'Errico, Antonietta; Morselli-Labate, Antonio Maria; Mastroroberto, Marianna; Campieri, Massimo; Poggioli, Gilberto; Gionchetti, Paolo. - In: JOURNAL OF ULTRASOUND. - ISSN 1971-3495. - STAMPA. - 20:4(2017), pp. 273-284. [10.1007/s40477-017-0265-2]
Serra, Carla; Rizzello, Fernando; Pratico', Chiara; Felicani, Cristina; Fiorini, Erica; Brugnera, Ramona; Mazzotta, Elena; Giunchi, Francesca; Fiorentino, Michelangelo; D'Errico, Antonietta; Morselli-Labate, Antonio Maria; Mastroroberto, Marianna; Campieri, Massimo; Poggioli, Gilberto; Gionchetti, Paolo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/627409
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