The human KRAS transcript contains a G-rich 5′-UTR sequence (77% GC) harboring several G4 motifs capable to form stable RNA G-quadruplex (RG4) structures that can serve as targets for small molecules. A biotin-streptavidin pull-down assay showed that 4,11-bis(2-aminoethylamino)anthra[2,3-b]furan-5,10-dione (2a) binds to RG4s in the KRAS transcript under low-abundance cellular conditions. Dual-luciferase assays demonstrated that 2a and its analogue 4,11-bis(2-aminoethylamino)anthra[2,3-b]thiophene-5,10-dione (2b) repress translation in a dose-dependent manner. The effect of the G4-ligands on Panc-1 cancer cells has also been examined. Both 2a and 2b efficiently penetrate the cells, suppressing protein p21KRAS to <10% of the control. The KRAS down-regulation induces apoptosis together with a dramatic reduction of cell growth and colony formation. In summary, we report a strategy to suppress the KRAS oncogene in pancreatic cancer cells by means of small molecules binding to RG4s in the 5′-UTR of mRNA.

RNA G-Quadruplexes in Kirsten Ras (KRAS) Oncogene as Targets for Small Molecules Inhibiting Translation

MIGLIETTA, GIULIA;MARINELLO, JESSICA
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Capranico, Giovanni
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2017

Abstract

The human KRAS transcript contains a G-rich 5′-UTR sequence (77% GC) harboring several G4 motifs capable to form stable RNA G-quadruplex (RG4) structures that can serve as targets for small molecules. A biotin-streptavidin pull-down assay showed that 4,11-bis(2-aminoethylamino)anthra[2,3-b]furan-5,10-dione (2a) binds to RG4s in the KRAS transcript under low-abundance cellular conditions. Dual-luciferase assays demonstrated that 2a and its analogue 4,11-bis(2-aminoethylamino)anthra[2,3-b]thiophene-5,10-dione (2b) repress translation in a dose-dependent manner. The effect of the G4-ligands on Panc-1 cancer cells has also been examined. Both 2a and 2b efficiently penetrate the cells, suppressing protein p21KRAS to <10% of the control. The KRAS down-regulation induces apoptosis together with a dramatic reduction of cell growth and colony formation. In summary, we report a strategy to suppress the KRAS oncogene in pancreatic cancer cells by means of small molecules binding to RG4s in the 5′-UTR of mRNA.
Miglietta, Giulia; Cogoi, Susanna; Marinello, Jessica; Capranico, Giovanni; Tikhomirov, Alexander S.; Shchekotikhin, Andrey; Xodo, Luigi E.*
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/625305
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