Nuclear DNA sequences of mitochondrial origin (numts) are derived by insertion of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), into the nuclear genome. In this study, we provide, for the first time, a genome picture of numts inserted in the pig nuclear genome. The Sus scrofa reference nuclear genome (Sscrofa10.2) was aligned with circularized and consensus mtDNA sequences using LAST software. A total of 430 numt sequences that may represent 246 different numt integration events (57 numt regions determined by at least two numt sequences and 189 singletons) were identified, covering about 0.0078% of the nuclear genome. Numt integration events were correlated (0.99) to the chromosome length. The longest numt sequence (about 11 kbp) was located on SSC2. Six numts were sequenced and PCR amplified in pigs of European commercial and local pig breeds, of the Chinese Meishan breed and in European wild boars. Three of them were polymorphic for the presence or absence of the insertion. Surprisingly, the estimated age of insertion of two of the three polymorphic numts was more ancient than that of the speciation time of the Sus scrofa, supporting that these polymorphic sites were originated from interspecies admixture that contributed to shape the pig genome.

A genomic landscape of mitochondrial DNA insertions in the pig nuclear genome provides evolutionary signatures of interspecies admixture / Schiavo, Giuseppina; Hoffmann, Orsolya Ivett; Ribani, Anisa; Utzeri, Valerio Joe; Ghionda, Marco Ciro; Bertolini, Francesca; Geraci, Claudia; Bovo, Samuele; Fontanesi, Luca. - In: DNA RESEARCH. - ISSN 1340-2838. - ELETTRONICO. - 24:5(2017), pp. 487-498. [10.1093/dnares/dsx019]

A genomic landscape of mitochondrial DNA insertions in the pig nuclear genome provides evolutionary signatures of interspecies admixture

Schiavo, Giuseppina;Ribani, Anisa;Utzeri, Valerio Joe;Bertolini, Francesca;Geraci, Claudia;Bovo, Samuele;Fontanesi, Luca
2017

Abstract

Nuclear DNA sequences of mitochondrial origin (numts) are derived by insertion of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), into the nuclear genome. In this study, we provide, for the first time, a genome picture of numts inserted in the pig nuclear genome. The Sus scrofa reference nuclear genome (Sscrofa10.2) was aligned with circularized and consensus mtDNA sequences using LAST software. A total of 430 numt sequences that may represent 246 different numt integration events (57 numt regions determined by at least two numt sequences and 189 singletons) were identified, covering about 0.0078% of the nuclear genome. Numt integration events were correlated (0.99) to the chromosome length. The longest numt sequence (about 11 kbp) was located on SSC2. Six numts were sequenced and PCR amplified in pigs of European commercial and local pig breeds, of the Chinese Meishan breed and in European wild boars. Three of them were polymorphic for the presence or absence of the insertion. Surprisingly, the estimated age of insertion of two of the three polymorphic numts was more ancient than that of the speciation time of the Sus scrofa, supporting that these polymorphic sites were originated from interspecies admixture that contributed to shape the pig genome.
2017
A genomic landscape of mitochondrial DNA insertions in the pig nuclear genome provides evolutionary signatures of interspecies admixture / Schiavo, Giuseppina; Hoffmann, Orsolya Ivett; Ribani, Anisa; Utzeri, Valerio Joe; Ghionda, Marco Ciro; Bertolini, Francesca; Geraci, Claudia; Bovo, Samuele; Fontanesi, Luca. - In: DNA RESEARCH. - ISSN 1340-2838. - ELETTRONICO. - 24:5(2017), pp. 487-498. [10.1093/dnares/dsx019]
Schiavo, Giuseppina; Hoffmann, Orsolya Ivett; Ribani, Anisa; Utzeri, Valerio Joe; Ghionda, Marco Ciro; Bertolini, Francesca; Geraci, Claudia; Bovo, Samuele; Fontanesi, Luca
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/619990
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