A selective and sensitive method for the determination of low molecular mass organic acids (LMMOAs) in cell and mitochondrial extracts is presented. The analytical method consists in the separation by reversed phase liquid chromatography and detection with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) of the LMMOAs like malic, succinic, formic and citric acids. These acids are among the cellular intermediates of the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA), thus their quantitation can provide essential information about the catabolic and anabolic processes occurring in cells under physiological and pathological conditions. The analytical method was fully validated in terms of linearity, detection and quantification limits, recovery and precision. Detection limits (LOD) for malic, succinic and fumaric acids were in the range of 1-10 nM, while 20 nM was obtained for citric acid. Analytical recovery in cell and mitochondrial extracts was found between 88 and 105% (CV% <7.1) and matrix effect was estimated to be less than 108%. The LC-MS/MS method applied to the quantification of TCA cycle metabolites revealed a different distribution of the four acids in cells and mitochondria, and it could be used to monitoring metabolic alterations associated with TCA cycle and oxidative phosphorylation dysfunctions.

Cellular and mitochondrial determination of low molecular mass organic acids by LC-MS/MS

Fiori, Jessica;AMADESI, ELISA;Fanelli, Flaminia;Tropeano, Concetta Valentina;Rugolo, Michela;Gotti, Roberto
2018

Abstract

A selective and sensitive method for the determination of low molecular mass organic acids (LMMOAs) in cell and mitochondrial extracts is presented. The analytical method consists in the separation by reversed phase liquid chromatography and detection with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) of the LMMOAs like malic, succinic, formic and citric acids. These acids are among the cellular intermediates of the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA), thus their quantitation can provide essential information about the catabolic and anabolic processes occurring in cells under physiological and pathological conditions. The analytical method was fully validated in terms of linearity, detection and quantification limits, recovery and precision. Detection limits (LOD) for malic, succinic and fumaric acids were in the range of 1-10 nM, while 20 nM was obtained for citric acid. Analytical recovery in cell and mitochondrial extracts was found between 88 and 105% (CV% <7.1) and matrix effect was estimated to be less than 108%. The LC-MS/MS method applied to the quantification of TCA cycle metabolites revealed a different distribution of the four acids in cells and mitochondria, and it could be used to monitoring metabolic alterations associated with TCA cycle and oxidative phosphorylation dysfunctions.
Fiori, Jessica; Amadesi, Elisa; Fanelli, Flaminia; Tropeano, Concetta Valentina; Rugolo, Michela; Gotti, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/619056
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