BACKGROUND: To report the perioperative and early functional outcomes of patients undergoing Robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) with totally intracorporeal urinary diversion performed by a single surgeon after a modified modular training. METHODS: The surgeon (A.P.) attained a 30-days modified modular training at a referring Centre mentored by a worldwide-recognized robotic surgeon (P.W.). The training program consisted of: a) e-learning based on 10 hours of theoretical lessons made by the mentor; b) video-session concerning the different steps of the procedure, c) step-by-step in vivo modular training. Demographics, intraoperative data and post-operative complications were recorded for each patient. RESULTS: Twenty-four consecutive patients were prospectively evaluated. Median age was 68.5 years (IQR 59-75). Thirteen (54.2%) and 11 (45.8%) patients received RARC with orthotopic neobladder (ONB) and ileal conduit (IC), respectively. Overall mean (±SD) operative time was 392 (± 34.8) minutes. The median number of lymph node retrieved was 30 (IQR 24-42), the mean intraoperative estimated blood loss (EBL) was 403 mL (± 60) with average hospitalization of 7.8 days (± 2.2). All procedures were completed successfully without open conversion. A statistically significant difference in terms of overall operative time (OT) and urinary diversion operative time (UDOT) was found in favour of IC group compared to ONB group (p=0.002). Overall complication rate was 33%, 7 out of 9 (88%) were graded as minor (Clavien 1-2). Two (22%) major complications (Clavien 3-5) occurred solely on ONB group. CONCLUSIONS: Robot-assisted radical cystectomy with totally intracorporeal urinary diversion is a challenging procedure with a steep learning curve. An adequate modular training with an experienced mentor and a skilled robotic team could be essential to reach these optimal results. Further studies investigating the impact of modular learning curve and a dedicated menthorship on operative and functional outcomes after RARC are needed.

Robot assisted radical cystectomy with totally intracorporeal urinary diversion: initial, single-surgeon's experience after a modified modular training

Porreca, Angelo;Chessa, Francesco;Romagnoli, Daniele;Borghesi, Marco;Bianchi, Lorenzo;Brunocilla, Eugenio;Schiavina, Riccardo
2018

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To report the perioperative and early functional outcomes of patients undergoing Robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) with totally intracorporeal urinary diversion performed by a single surgeon after a modified modular training. METHODS: The surgeon (A.P.) attained a 30-days modified modular training at a referring Centre mentored by a worldwide-recognized robotic surgeon (P.W.). The training program consisted of: a) e-learning based on 10 hours of theoretical lessons made by the mentor; b) video-session concerning the different steps of the procedure, c) step-by-step in vivo modular training. Demographics, intraoperative data and post-operative complications were recorded for each patient. RESULTS: Twenty-four consecutive patients were prospectively evaluated. Median age was 68.5 years (IQR 59-75). Thirteen (54.2%) and 11 (45.8%) patients received RARC with orthotopic neobladder (ONB) and ileal conduit (IC), respectively. Overall mean (±SD) operative time was 392 (± 34.8) minutes. The median number of lymph node retrieved was 30 (IQR 24-42), the mean intraoperative estimated blood loss (EBL) was 403 mL (± 60) with average hospitalization of 7.8 days (± 2.2). All procedures were completed successfully without open conversion. A statistically significant difference in terms of overall operative time (OT) and urinary diversion operative time (UDOT) was found in favour of IC group compared to ONB group (p=0.002). Overall complication rate was 33%, 7 out of 9 (88%) were graded as minor (Clavien 1-2). Two (22%) major complications (Clavien 3-5) occurred solely on ONB group. CONCLUSIONS: Robot-assisted radical cystectomy with totally intracorporeal urinary diversion is a challenging procedure with a steep learning curve. An adequate modular training with an experienced mentor and a skilled robotic team could be essential to reach these optimal results. Further studies investigating the impact of modular learning curve and a dedicated menthorship on operative and functional outcomes after RARC are needed.
2018
Porreca, Angelo; Chessa, Francesco; Romagnoli, Daniele; Salvaggio, Antonio; Cafarelli, Angelo; Borghesi, Marco; Bianchi, Lorenzo; Dandrea, Matteo; D'Agostino, Daniele; Dente, Donato; Cappa, Emanuele; Wiklund, Peter; Brunocilla, Eugenio; Schiavina, Riccardo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/613751
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