Objectives Higher prevalence of psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety and depression, has been found in people with Crohn's disease and Ulcerative Colitis compared to the general population. Nowadays, international guidelines advocate psychotherapy and psycho-pharmacological treatments as playing an important role in IBD care. The main goal of this systematic literature review was summarize the evidence on the utilization and effectiveness of treatments for depression and anxiety in persons with IBD. Methods A systematic literature review was conducted using three different electronic databases: MEDLINE, PsychINFO, and EMBASE to identify studies reporting the prevalence and efficacy of psycho-pharmacological and psychotherapeutic treatments for IBD. A quality appraisal was conducted using several scales as appropriate for each study design. A narrative synthesis was also performed. Results Forty-three studies were included. Although a high rate of psychoactive drug use was found in people with IBD, a low proportion of IBD patients have access to psychiatric referral. 1/3 of the studies found that psychotherapy was effective for improving the quality of life, perception of stress, anxiety and depression as well as disease. Antidepressants proved effective in reducing disease activity, gastrointestinal symptoms, anxiety and depression. Conclusion Our results suggest that psychiatric treatment should be implemented in IBD care. However, further studies are needed to confirm the findings of our systematic review.

Prevalence and effectiveness of psychiatric treatments for patients with IBD: A systematic literature review

Tarricone, Ilaria
;
REGAZZI, MARIA GIULIA;Rizzello, Fernando;Carini, Giovanni;MURATORI, ROBERTO;Poggioli, Gilberto;Campieri, Massimo
2017

Abstract

Objectives Higher prevalence of psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety and depression, has been found in people with Crohn's disease and Ulcerative Colitis compared to the general population. Nowadays, international guidelines advocate psychotherapy and psycho-pharmacological treatments as playing an important role in IBD care. The main goal of this systematic literature review was summarize the evidence on the utilization and effectiveness of treatments for depression and anxiety in persons with IBD. Methods A systematic literature review was conducted using three different electronic databases: MEDLINE, PsychINFO, and EMBASE to identify studies reporting the prevalence and efficacy of psycho-pharmacological and psychotherapeutic treatments for IBD. A quality appraisal was conducted using several scales as appropriate for each study design. A narrative synthesis was also performed. Results Forty-three studies were included. Although a high rate of psychoactive drug use was found in people with IBD, a low proportion of IBD patients have access to psychiatric referral. 1/3 of the studies found that psychotherapy was effective for improving the quality of life, perception of stress, anxiety and depression as well as disease. Antidepressants proved effective in reducing disease activity, gastrointestinal symptoms, anxiety and depression. Conclusion Our results suggest that psychiatric treatment should be implemented in IBD care. However, further studies are needed to confirm the findings of our systematic review.
Tarricone, Ilaria; Regazzi, Maria Giulia; Bonucci, Giulia; Rizzello, Fernando; Carini, Giovanni; Muratori, Roberto; Poggioli, Gilberto; Campieri, Massimo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/612937
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