We have designed a series of tacrine-based homo- and heterodimers that incorporate an antioxidant tether (selenoureido, chalcogenide) as new dual compounds: for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease and as antiproliferative agents. Symmetrical homodimers bearing a dichalcogenide or selenide-based tether, the best compounds in the series, were found to be strong and highly selective electric eel AChE inhibitors, with inhibition constants within the low nanomolar range. This high inhibitory activity was confirmed on recombinant human AChE for the most interesting derivatives. The three most promising homodimers also showed a good inhibitory activity towards amyloid-β self aggregation. The symmetric disulfide derivative bis[5-(1′,2′,3′,4’-tetrahydroacridin-9′-ylamino)pentyl]disulfide (19) showed the best multipotent profile and was not neurotoxic on immortalized mouse cortical neurons even at 50 μM concentration. These results represent an improvement in activity and selectivity compared to parent tacrine, the first marketed drug against Alzheimer's disease. Title compounds also exhibited excellent in vitro antiproliferative activities against a panel of 6 human tumor cell lines, with GI50values within the submicromolar range for the most potent derivatives (0.12–0.95 μM); such values represent a spectacular increase compared to currently-used chemotherapeutic agents, such as 5-FU (up to 306−fold) and cisplatin (up to 162−fold). Cell cycle experiments indicated the accumulation of cells in the G1phase of the cycle, a different mechanism than the reported for cisplatin. The breast cancer cell lines turned out to be the most sensitive one of the panel tested.

New tacrine dimers with antioxidant linkers as dual drugs: Anti-Alzheimer's and antiproliferative agents

Peña-Altamira, Luis Emiliano;Bartolini, Manuela;Monti, Barbara;Bolognesi, Maria L.;
2017

Abstract

We have designed a series of tacrine-based homo- and heterodimers that incorporate an antioxidant tether (selenoureido, chalcogenide) as new dual compounds: for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease and as antiproliferative agents. Symmetrical homodimers bearing a dichalcogenide or selenide-based tether, the best compounds in the series, were found to be strong and highly selective electric eel AChE inhibitors, with inhibition constants within the low nanomolar range. This high inhibitory activity was confirmed on recombinant human AChE for the most interesting derivatives. The three most promising homodimers also showed a good inhibitory activity towards amyloid-β self aggregation. The symmetric disulfide derivative bis[5-(1′,2′,3′,4’-tetrahydroacridin-9′-ylamino)pentyl]disulfide (19) showed the best multipotent profile and was not neurotoxic on immortalized mouse cortical neurons even at 50 μM concentration. These results represent an improvement in activity and selectivity compared to parent tacrine, the first marketed drug against Alzheimer's disease. Title compounds also exhibited excellent in vitro antiproliferative activities against a panel of 6 human tumor cell lines, with GI50values within the submicromolar range for the most potent derivatives (0.12–0.95 μM); such values represent a spectacular increase compared to currently-used chemotherapeutic agents, such as 5-FU (up to 306−fold) and cisplatin (up to 162−fold). Cell cycle experiments indicated the accumulation of cells in the G1phase of the cycle, a different mechanism than the reported for cisplatin. The breast cancer cell lines turned out to be the most sensitive one of the panel tested.
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY
Roldán-Peña, Jesús M.; Alejandre-Ramos, Daniel; López, O scar; Maya, Inés; Lagunes, Irene; Padrón, José M.; Peña-Altamira, Luis Emiliano; Bartolini, Manuela; Monti, Barbara; Bolognesi, Maria L.; Fernández-Bolaños, José G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/612830
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