BACKGROUND: The thyroid is the earliest endocrine structure to appear during human development, and thyroid hormones are necessary for proper organism development, in particular for the nervous system and heart, normal growth and skeletal maturation. To date a quantitative, validated transcriptional atlas of the whole normal human thyroid does not exist and the availability of a detailed expression map might be an excellent occasion to investigate the many features of the thyroid transcriptome. RESULTS: We present a view at the molecular level of the normal human thyroid histology and physiology obtained by a systematic meta-analysis of all the available gene expression profiles for the whole organ. A quantitative transcriptome reference map was generated by using the TRAM (Transcriptome Mapper) software able to combine, normalize and integrate a total of 35 suitable datasets from different sources thus providing a typical reference expression value for each of the 27,275 known, mapped transcripts obtained. The experimental in vitro validation of data was performed by "Real-Time" reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction showing an excellent correlation coefficient (r = 0.93) with data obtained in silico. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides a quantitative global reference portrait of gene expression in the normal human thyroid and highlights differential expression between normal human thyroid and a pool of non-thyroid tissues useful for modeling correlations between thyroidal gene expression and specific thyroid functions and diseases. The experimental in vitro validation supports the possible usefulness of the human thyroid transcriptome map as a reference for molecular studies of the physiology and pathology of this organ.

A molecular view of the normal human thyroid structure and function reconstructed from its reference transcriptome map / Vitale, Lorenza; Piovesan, Allison; Antonaros, Francesca; Strippoli, Pierluigi; Pelleri, Maria Chiara; Caracausi, Maria. - In: BMC GENOMICS. - ISSN 1471-2164. - ELETTRONICO. - 18:1(2017), pp. 739.1-739.19. [10.1186/s12864-017-4049-z]

A molecular view of the normal human thyroid structure and function reconstructed from its reference transcriptome map

VITALE, LORENZA;PIOVESAN, ALLISON;ANTONAROS, FRANCESCA;STRIPPOLI, PIERLUIGI;PELLERI, MARIA CHIARA;CARACAUSI, MARIA
2017

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The thyroid is the earliest endocrine structure to appear during human development, and thyroid hormones are necessary for proper organism development, in particular for the nervous system and heart, normal growth and skeletal maturation. To date a quantitative, validated transcriptional atlas of the whole normal human thyroid does not exist and the availability of a detailed expression map might be an excellent occasion to investigate the many features of the thyroid transcriptome. RESULTS: We present a view at the molecular level of the normal human thyroid histology and physiology obtained by a systematic meta-analysis of all the available gene expression profiles for the whole organ. A quantitative transcriptome reference map was generated by using the TRAM (Transcriptome Mapper) software able to combine, normalize and integrate a total of 35 suitable datasets from different sources thus providing a typical reference expression value for each of the 27,275 known, mapped transcripts obtained. The experimental in vitro validation of data was performed by "Real-Time" reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction showing an excellent correlation coefficient (r = 0.93) with data obtained in silico. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides a quantitative global reference portrait of gene expression in the normal human thyroid and highlights differential expression between normal human thyroid and a pool of non-thyroid tissues useful for modeling correlations between thyroidal gene expression and specific thyroid functions and diseases. The experimental in vitro validation supports the possible usefulness of the human thyroid transcriptome map as a reference for molecular studies of the physiology and pathology of this organ.
2017
A molecular view of the normal human thyroid structure and function reconstructed from its reference transcriptome map / Vitale, Lorenza; Piovesan, Allison; Antonaros, Francesca; Strippoli, Pierluigi; Pelleri, Maria Chiara; Caracausi, Maria. - In: BMC GENOMICS. - ISSN 1471-2164. - ELETTRONICO. - 18:1(2017), pp. 739.1-739.19. [10.1186/s12864-017-4049-z]
Vitale, Lorenza; Piovesan, Allison; Antonaros, Francesca; Strippoli, Pierluigi; Pelleri, Maria Chiara; Caracausi, Maria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/607948
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