More than 80% of the Brazilian population inhabits urban areas. Diffused poverty and the lack of fresh vegetables have generated malnutrition and unbalanced diets. Thus, the interest in growing food locally, in urban allotments and community gardens, has increased. However, urban agriculture may present some risks caused by the urban pollution. Road traffic is considered the biggest source of heavy metals in urban areas. Hence, the objective of the study was the assessment of the accumulation of heavy metals in an urban garden in the city of Recife, at different distances from a road with high traffic burden. The results showed that the distance from the street decreased the accumulation of many potentially toxic elements. Furthermore, the human health risk was estimated, revealing that greater danger was associated with the accumulation of antimony. Concentration of other elements in the leaf tissues were within previously reported thresholds.

ANTIMONY ACCUMULATION RISK IN LETTUCE GROWN IN BRAZILIAN URBAN GARDENS

MANCARELLA, SILVIA;PENNISI, GIUSEPPINA;GASPERI, DANIELA;MARCHETTI, LIVIA;ORSINI, FRANCESCO;PROSDOCIMI GIANQUINTO, GIORGIO;VIANELLO, GILMO;VITTORI ANTISARI, LIVIA
2016

Abstract

More than 80% of the Brazilian population inhabits urban areas. Diffused poverty and the lack of fresh vegetables have generated malnutrition and unbalanced diets. Thus, the interest in growing food locally, in urban allotments and community gardens, has increased. However, urban agriculture may present some risks caused by the urban pollution. Road traffic is considered the biggest source of heavy metals in urban areas. Hence, the objective of the study was the assessment of the accumulation of heavy metals in an urban garden in the city of Recife, at different distances from a road with high traffic burden. The results showed that the distance from the street decreased the accumulation of many potentially toxic elements. Furthermore, the human health risk was estimated, revealing that greater danger was associated with the accumulation of antimony. Concentration of other elements in the leaf tissues were within previously reported thresholds.
EQA
Mancarella, Silvia; Pennisi, Giuseppina; Gasperi, Daniela; Marchetti, Livia; Loges, Vivian; Orsini, Francesco; Gianquinto, Giorgio; Vianello, Gilmo; Vittori Antisari, Livia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/589971
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