Objective The endocannabinoid system hypertonicity features obesity. Excess circulating 2-arachidonoylglycerol was variously associated with obesity-related metabolic impairment; however, unstandardized experimental and analytical settings have clouded its usefulness as a dysmetabolism biomarker. We aimed at assessing the influence of body mass index (BMI), menopause in women, and aging in men on 2-arachidonoylglycerol relationship with metabolic parameters. Methods Adult, unmedicated women (premenopausal (preMW): n = 103; menopausal (MW): n = 81) and men (n = 144) were stratified in normal weight (NW; BMI: 18.5–24.9 kg/m2), overweight (OW; BMI: 25.0–29.9 kg/m2), and obese (OB; BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m2) classes. Anthropometric and metabolic parameters were determined. Plasma 2-arachidonoylglycerol was measured by a validated liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry assay. Results 2-arachidonoylglycerol level was raised by menopause (P < 0.001) and by obesity in preMW (P < 0.001) and in men (P = 0.019). In the overall cohorts, 2-arachidonoylglycerol displayed BMI-independent relationships with dyslipidemia (preMW, MW and men), insulin resistance (MW and men), and hypertension (men), but not with waist circumference. Within preMW BMI classes, 2-arachidonoylglycerol correlations were found with triglycerides (P = 0.020) and total cholesterol (TC; P = 0.040) in OB women. In MW, 2-arachidonoylglycerol correlation with triglycerides was found in NW (P = 0.001) and OW (P = 0.034), but not in OB class. Moreover, we found 2-arachidonoylglycerol correlations with TC (P = 0.003), glucose (P < 0.001), and HOMA-IR (P = 0.035) specific for NW MW class. In men, 2-arachidonoylglycerol correlated with triglycerides in NW, OW (both P < 0.001), and OB (P = 0.029), with SBP (P = 0.023) and diastolic BP (DBP; P = 0.048) in OB, and with TC (P < 0.001) in OW class. In NW class 2-arachidonoylglycerol correlations were found with insulin (P = 0.003) and HOMA-IR (P = 0.001), both enhanced by aging (both P = 0.004), and with glucose (P = 0.015) and HDL (P = 0.004). Conclusions Plasma 2AG is a biomarker of clustering metabolic dysfunctions, especially in lean men and menopausal women, and could be of help in identifying subjects with elevated cardiometabolic risk despite a healthy anthropometric appearance.

Plasma 2-arachidonoylglycerol is a biomarker of age and menopause related insulin resistance and dyslipidemia in lean but not in obese men and women

FANELLI, FLAMINIA;MEZZULLO, MARCO;BELLUOMO, ILARIA;DI LALLO, VALENTINA DIANA;BACCINI, MARGHERITA;IBARRA GASPARINI, DANIELA;MASTROROBERTO, MARIANNA;VICENNATI, VALENTINA;GAMBINERI, ALESSANDRA;MORSELLI LABATE, ANTONIO MARIA;PASQUALI, RENATO;PAGOTTO, UBERTO
2017

Abstract

Objective The endocannabinoid system hypertonicity features obesity. Excess circulating 2-arachidonoylglycerol was variously associated with obesity-related metabolic impairment; however, unstandardized experimental and analytical settings have clouded its usefulness as a dysmetabolism biomarker. We aimed at assessing the influence of body mass index (BMI), menopause in women, and aging in men on 2-arachidonoylglycerol relationship with metabolic parameters. Methods Adult, unmedicated women (premenopausal (preMW): n = 103; menopausal (MW): n = 81) and men (n = 144) were stratified in normal weight (NW; BMI: 18.5–24.9 kg/m2), overweight (OW; BMI: 25.0–29.9 kg/m2), and obese (OB; BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m2) classes. Anthropometric and metabolic parameters were determined. Plasma 2-arachidonoylglycerol was measured by a validated liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry assay. Results 2-arachidonoylglycerol level was raised by menopause (P < 0.001) and by obesity in preMW (P < 0.001) and in men (P = 0.019). In the overall cohorts, 2-arachidonoylglycerol displayed BMI-independent relationships with dyslipidemia (preMW, MW and men), insulin resistance (MW and men), and hypertension (men), but not with waist circumference. Within preMW BMI classes, 2-arachidonoylglycerol correlations were found with triglycerides (P = 0.020) and total cholesterol (TC; P = 0.040) in OB women. In MW, 2-arachidonoylglycerol correlation with triglycerides was found in NW (P = 0.001) and OW (P = 0.034), but not in OB class. Moreover, we found 2-arachidonoylglycerol correlations with TC (P = 0.003), glucose (P < 0.001), and HOMA-IR (P = 0.035) specific for NW MW class. In men, 2-arachidonoylglycerol correlated with triglycerides in NW, OW (both P < 0.001), and OB (P = 0.029), with SBP (P = 0.023) and diastolic BP (DBP; P = 0.048) in OB, and with TC (P < 0.001) in OW class. In NW class 2-arachidonoylglycerol correlations were found with insulin (P = 0.003) and HOMA-IR (P = 0.001), both enhanced by aging (both P = 0.004), and with glucose (P = 0.015) and HDL (P = 0.004). Conclusions Plasma 2AG is a biomarker of clustering metabolic dysfunctions, especially in lean men and menopausal women, and could be of help in identifying subjects with elevated cardiometabolic risk despite a healthy anthropometric appearance.
Fanelli, Flaminia; Mezzullo, Marco; Belluomo, Ilaria; Di Lallo, Valentina Diana; Baccini, Margherita; Ibarra Gasparini, Daniela; Casadio, Elena; Mastroroberto, Marianna; Vicennati, Valentina; Gambineri, Alessandra; Morselli-Labate, Antonio Maria; Pasquali, Renato; Pagotto, Uberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/587754
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