The oxyanion tellurite (TeO32-) is extremely toxic to bacterial cells. In Rhodobacter capsulatus, tellurite enters the cytosol by means of the high uptake-rate acetate permease RcActP2, encoded by one of the three actP genes present in this species (actP1, actP2 and actP3). Conversely, in Escherichia coli a low rate influx of the oxyanion is measured, which depends mainly on the phosphate transporter EcPitA, even though E. coli contains its own EcActP acetate permease. Here we report that when the actP2 gene from R. capsulatus is expressed in wild-type E. coli HB101 and in E. coli JW3460 δpitA mutant, the cellular intake of tellurite increases up to four times, suggesting intrinsic structural differences between EcActP and RcActP2. Indeed, a sequence analysis indicated the presence in RcActP2 of an insert of 15-16 residues, located between trans-membrane (TM) helices 6 and 7, which is absent in both EcActP and RcActP1. Based on this observation, the molecular models of homodimeric RcActP1 and RcActP2 were calculated and analyzed. In the RcActP2 model, the insert induces a perturbation in the conformation of the loop between TM helices 6 and 7, located at the RcActP2 dimerization interface. This perturbation opens a cavity on the periplasmic side that is closed, instead, in the RcActP1 model. This cavity also features an increase of the positive electric potential on the protein surface, an effect ascribed to specific residues Lys261, Lys281 and Arg560. We propose that this positively charged patch in RcActP2 is involved in recognition and translocation of the TeO32- anion, attributing to RcActP2 a greater ability as compared to RcActP1 to transport this inorganic poison inside the cells.

On the role of a specific insert in acetate permeases (ActP) for tellurite uptake in bacteria: Functional and structural studies

BORGHESE, ROBERTO;MUSIANI, FRANCESCO;CAPPELLETTI, MARTINA;CIURLI, STEFANO LUCIANO;ZANNONI, DAVIDE
2016

Abstract

The oxyanion tellurite (TeO32-) is extremely toxic to bacterial cells. In Rhodobacter capsulatus, tellurite enters the cytosol by means of the high uptake-rate acetate permease RcActP2, encoded by one of the three actP genes present in this species (actP1, actP2 and actP3). Conversely, in Escherichia coli a low rate influx of the oxyanion is measured, which depends mainly on the phosphate transporter EcPitA, even though E. coli contains its own EcActP acetate permease. Here we report that when the actP2 gene from R. capsulatus is expressed in wild-type E. coli HB101 and in E. coli JW3460 δpitA mutant, the cellular intake of tellurite increases up to four times, suggesting intrinsic structural differences between EcActP and RcActP2. Indeed, a sequence analysis indicated the presence in RcActP2 of an insert of 15-16 residues, located between trans-membrane (TM) helices 6 and 7, which is absent in both EcActP and RcActP1. Based on this observation, the molecular models of homodimeric RcActP1 and RcActP2 were calculated and analyzed. In the RcActP2 model, the insert induces a perturbation in the conformation of the loop between TM helices 6 and 7, located at the RcActP2 dimerization interface. This perturbation opens a cavity on the periplasmic side that is closed, instead, in the RcActP1 model. This cavity also features an increase of the positive electric potential on the protein surface, an effect ascribed to specific residues Lys261, Lys281 and Arg560. We propose that this positively charged patch in RcActP2 is involved in recognition and translocation of the TeO32- anion, attributing to RcActP2 a greater ability as compared to RcActP1 to transport this inorganic poison inside the cells.
Borghese, Roberto; Canducci, Laura; Musiani, Francesco; Cappelletti, Martina; Ciurli, Stefano; Turner, Raymond J.; Zannoni, Davide
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/560344
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