The structure, fluid-dynamic behavior, temperature, and radiation emission of a cold atmospheric pressure plasma jet driven by high-voltage pulses with rise time and duration of a few nanoseconds have been investigated. Intensified charge-coupled device (iCCD) imaging revealed that the discharge starts when voltage values of 5-10 kV are reached on the rising front of the applied voltage pulse; the discharge then propagates downstream the source outlet with a velocity around 10⁷-10⁸ cm/s. Light emission was observed to increase and decrease periodically and repetitively during discharge propagation. The structure of the plasma plume presents a single front or either several branched subfronts, depending on the operating conditions; merging results of investigations by means of Schlieren and iCCD imaging suggests that branching of the discharge front occurs in spatial regions where the flow is turbulent. By means of optical emission spectroscopy, discharge emission was observed in the ultraviolet-visible (UV-VIS) spectral range (N₂, N₂⁺, OH, and NO emission bands); total UV irradiance was lower than 1 μW/cm² even at short distances from the device outlet (<15 mm). Plasma plume temperature does not exceed 45 °C for all the tested operating conditions and values close to ambient temperature were measured around 10 mm downstream the source outlet.

Characterization of a Cold Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Jet Device Driven by Nanosecond Voltage Pulses

BOSELLI, MARCO;COLOMBO, VITTORIO;GHERARDI, MATTEO;LAURITA, ROMOLO;LIGUORI, ANNA;SANIBONDI, PAOLO;SIMONCELLI, EMANUELE;STANCAMPIANO, AUGUSTO
2015

Abstract

The structure, fluid-dynamic behavior, temperature, and radiation emission of a cold atmospheric pressure plasma jet driven by high-voltage pulses with rise time and duration of a few nanoseconds have been investigated. Intensified charge-coupled device (iCCD) imaging revealed that the discharge starts when voltage values of 5-10 kV are reached on the rising front of the applied voltage pulse; the discharge then propagates downstream the source outlet with a velocity around 10⁷-10⁸ cm/s. Light emission was observed to increase and decrease periodically and repetitively during discharge propagation. The structure of the plasma plume presents a single front or either several branched subfronts, depending on the operating conditions; merging results of investigations by means of Schlieren and iCCD imaging suggests that branching of the discharge front occurs in spatial regions where the flow is turbulent. By means of optical emission spectroscopy, discharge emission was observed in the ultraviolet-visible (UV-VIS) spectral range (N₂, N₂⁺, OH, and NO emission bands); total UV irradiance was lower than 1 μW/cm² even at short distances from the device outlet (<15 mm). Plasma plume temperature does not exceed 45 °C for all the tested operating conditions and values close to ambient temperature were measured around 10 mm downstream the source outlet.
Boselli, Marco; Colombo, Vittorio; Gherardi, Matteo; Laurita, Romolo; Liguori, Anna; Sanibondi, Paolo; Simoncelli, Emanuele; Stancampiano, Augusto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/554940
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