Investigations dealing with the persistence in soil of glyphosate [N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine] (GLYP) and glufosinate-ammonium [the ammonium salt of dl-homoalanin-4-yl(methyl)phosphinic acid] (GLUF) herbicides and of insecticidal toxins produced by Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki (Berliner) are largely reported in the literature. However, no information on the influence of these insecticidal toxins on the persistence in soil of herbicides is available. Preliminary results regarding the influence of insecticidal toxins extracted from a commercial formulation of B. thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki (Berliner) (Btk) on the degradation of the herbicides glyphosate and glufosinate-ammonium in a loam and a sandy loam soil, under laboratory conditions, were obtained. Soil microbial carbon (SMC) and insecticidal activity of incubated soil samples were also estimated. In both soil types, persistence of GLYP was significantly higher with respect to GLUF. Average GLYP and GLUF half-life was 14.4 and 8.0 days, respectively. Addition of Btk toxins lead to a significant increase of GLYP and GLUP persistence in both soil types. More specifically, average GLYP and GLUF half-life in soil samples receiving the Btk treatment was 24.3 and 14.2 days, respectively. In contrast to herbicide persistence in soil, Btk toxins did not influence microbial carbon content of incubated soil samples. The insecticidal activity of Btk toxins in soil rapidly decreased during the 28-day incubation time. Considering that degradation of GLYP and GLUF was mainly a microbial process, the absence of effects of Btk toxins on the soil microbial carbon and the rapid decrease of insecticidal activity of Btk toxins in the soil suggest a possible effect of the Btk toxins on other soil properties and/or mechanisms influencing herbicide degradation. The present preliminary investigation permitted to highlight the possibility of the Btk toxins to enhance the persistence of GLYP and GLUF in soil, under laboratory conditions. However, further studies are necessary to investigate whether or not the effects observed in this study under artificial and controlled conditions can be extrapolated to field conditions.

Influence of insecticidal toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki on the degradation of glyphosate and glufosinate-ammonium in soil samples

ACCINELLI, CESARE;VICARI, ALBERTO;CATIZONE, PIETRO
2004

Abstract

Investigations dealing with the persistence in soil of glyphosate [N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine] (GLYP) and glufosinate-ammonium [the ammonium salt of dl-homoalanin-4-yl(methyl)phosphinic acid] (GLUF) herbicides and of insecticidal toxins produced by Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki (Berliner) are largely reported in the literature. However, no information on the influence of these insecticidal toxins on the persistence in soil of herbicides is available. Preliminary results regarding the influence of insecticidal toxins extracted from a commercial formulation of B. thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki (Berliner) (Btk) on the degradation of the herbicides glyphosate and glufosinate-ammonium in a loam and a sandy loam soil, under laboratory conditions, were obtained. Soil microbial carbon (SMC) and insecticidal activity of incubated soil samples were also estimated. In both soil types, persistence of GLYP was significantly higher with respect to GLUF. Average GLYP and GLUF half-life was 14.4 and 8.0 days, respectively. Addition of Btk toxins lead to a significant increase of GLYP and GLUP persistence in both soil types. More specifically, average GLYP and GLUF half-life in soil samples receiving the Btk treatment was 24.3 and 14.2 days, respectively. In contrast to herbicide persistence in soil, Btk toxins did not influence microbial carbon content of incubated soil samples. The insecticidal activity of Btk toxins in soil rapidly decreased during the 28-day incubation time. Considering that degradation of GLYP and GLUF was mainly a microbial process, the absence of effects of Btk toxins on the soil microbial carbon and the rapid decrease of insecticidal activity of Btk toxins in the soil suggest a possible effect of the Btk toxins on other soil properties and/or mechanisms influencing herbicide degradation. The present preliminary investigation permitted to highlight the possibility of the Btk toxins to enhance the persistence of GLYP and GLUF in soil, under laboratory conditions. However, further studies are necessary to investigate whether or not the effects observed in this study under artificial and controlled conditions can be extrapolated to field conditions.
ACCINELLI C.; SCREPANTI C.; VICARI A.; CATIZONE P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/5533
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