A variety of nonrandom mate choice strategies, including disassortative mating, are used by vertebrate species to avoid inbreeding, maintain heterozygosity and increase fitness. Disassortative mating may be mediated by the major histocompatibility complex (MHC), an important gene cluster controlling immune responses to pathogens. We investigated the patterns of mate choice in 26 wild-living breeding pairs of gray wolf (Canis lupus) that were identified through noninvasive genetic methods and genotyped at 3 MHC class II and 12 autosomal microsatellite (STR) loci. We tested for deviations from random mating and evaluated the covariance of genetic variables at functional and STR markers with fitness proxies deduced from pedigree reconstructions. Results did not show evidences of MHC-based disassortative mating. Rather we found a higher peptide similarity between mates at MHC loci as compared with random expectations. Fitness values were positively correlated with heterozygosity of the breeders at both MHC and STR loci, whereas they decreased with relatedness at STRs.These findings may indicate fitness advantages for breeders that, while avoiding highly related mates, are more similar at the MHC and have high levels of heterozygosity overall. Such a pattern of MHC-assortative mating may reflect local coadaptation of the breeders, while a reduction in genetic diversity may be balanced by heterozygote advantages.

Choosy Wolves? Heterozygote Advantage But No Evidence of MHC-Based Disassortative Mating / Marco Galaverni; Romolo Caniglia; Pietro Milanesi; Silvana Lapalombella; Elena Fabbri; Ettore Randi. - In: JOURNAL OF HEREDITY. - ISSN 0022-1503. - ELETTRONICO. - 107:2(2016), pp. 134-142. [10.1093/jhered/esv090]

Choosy Wolves? Heterozygote Advantage But No Evidence of MHC-Based Disassortative Mating

GALAVERNI, MARCO;CANIGLIA, ROMOLO;MILANESI, PIETRO;LAPALOMBELLA, SILVANA;FABBRI, ELENA;RANDI, ETTORE
2016

Abstract

A variety of nonrandom mate choice strategies, including disassortative mating, are used by vertebrate species to avoid inbreeding, maintain heterozygosity and increase fitness. Disassortative mating may be mediated by the major histocompatibility complex (MHC), an important gene cluster controlling immune responses to pathogens. We investigated the patterns of mate choice in 26 wild-living breeding pairs of gray wolf (Canis lupus) that were identified through noninvasive genetic methods and genotyped at 3 MHC class II and 12 autosomal microsatellite (STR) loci. We tested for deviations from random mating and evaluated the covariance of genetic variables at functional and STR markers with fitness proxies deduced from pedigree reconstructions. Results did not show evidences of MHC-based disassortative mating. Rather we found a higher peptide similarity between mates at MHC loci as compared with random expectations. Fitness values were positively correlated with heterozygosity of the breeders at both MHC and STR loci, whereas they decreased with relatedness at STRs.These findings may indicate fitness advantages for breeders that, while avoiding highly related mates, are more similar at the MHC and have high levels of heterozygosity overall. Such a pattern of MHC-assortative mating may reflect local coadaptation of the breeders, while a reduction in genetic diversity may be balanced by heterozygote advantages.
2016
Choosy Wolves? Heterozygote Advantage But No Evidence of MHC-Based Disassortative Mating / Marco Galaverni; Romolo Caniglia; Pietro Milanesi; Silvana Lapalombella; Elena Fabbri; Ettore Randi. - In: JOURNAL OF HEREDITY. - ISSN 0022-1503. - ELETTRONICO. - 107:2(2016), pp. 134-142. [10.1093/jhered/esv090]
Marco Galaverni; Romolo Caniglia; Pietro Milanesi; Silvana Lapalombella; Elena Fabbri; Ettore Randi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/535268
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