he present study deals with the preparation of albumin nanocapsules containing fenretinide and their evaluation in experimental models of human non-small cell lung cancer. These nanocapsules showed enhanced antitumor activity with respect to free fenretinide due to the solubilization effect of albumin on the hydrophobic drug, known to improve bioavailability. The high expression of caveolin-1 on the A549 cell surface further enhanced the antitumor activity of the nanoencapsulated fenretinide. Caveolin-1 favored albumin uptake and improved the efficacy of the fenretinide-loaded albumin nanocapsules, especially in 3-D cultures where the densely packed 3-D structures impaired drug diffusibility and severely reduced the activity of the free drug. The efficacy of the fenretinide albumin nanocapsules was further confirmed in tumor xenograft models of A549 by the significant delay in tumor progression observed with respect to control after intravenous administration of the novel formulation.

Albumin nanocapsules containing fenretinide: pre-clinical evaluation of cytotoxic activity in experimental models of human non-small cell lung cancer.

ORIENTI, ISABELLA;FALCONI, MIRELLA;TETI, GABRIELLA;AMADORI, DEBORA;TESEI, ANNA
2015

Abstract

he present study deals with the preparation of albumin nanocapsules containing fenretinide and their evaluation in experimental models of human non-small cell lung cancer. These nanocapsules showed enhanced antitumor activity with respect to free fenretinide due to the solubilization effect of albumin on the hydrophobic drug, known to improve bioavailability. The high expression of caveolin-1 on the A549 cell surface further enhanced the antitumor activity of the nanoencapsulated fenretinide. Caveolin-1 favored albumin uptake and improved the efficacy of the fenretinide-loaded albumin nanocapsules, especially in 3-D cultures where the densely packed 3-D structures impaired drug diffusibility and severely reduced the activity of the free drug. The efficacy of the fenretinide albumin nanocapsules was further confirmed in tumor xenograft models of A549 by the significant delay in tumor progression observed with respect to control after intravenous administration of the novel formulation.
Pignatta S;Orienti I;Falconi M;Teti G;Arienti C;Medri L;Zanoni M;Carloni S;Zoli W;Amadori D;Tesei A
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/494166
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 8
  • Scopus 20
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 18
social impact