BACKGROUND: Since HIV infection cannot be completely eliminated due to the establishment of latently infected CD4+ T cell reservoirs, there is an urgent need for a clearer understanding of comparative resistance profiles between plasma and PBMC in HIV-1 patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of mutations associated with drug resistance and to compare cell free and cell-associated strains. STUDY DESIGN: Genotypic resistance analysis on viral DNA and plasma was performed in 31 therapy naive patients with chronic infection to check reverse transcriptase (RT) and protease resistance associated mutations before beginning antiretroviral therapy. RESULTS: Direct sequencing of DNA provirus disclosed key mutations (such as G190A/S, V106A, K103N and T215F) to RT inhibitors more frequently (7 patients out 31) than in plasma RNA (2 out of 31). In addition, major mutations (D30N, M46I, I50V, I84V) associated with drug resistance in the PR region were only found in PBMCs. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the small number of patients, our%

Genotypic resistance in plasma and peripheral blood lymphocytes in a group of naive HIV-1 patients.

BON, ISABELLA;GIBELLINI, DAVIDE;BORDERI, MARCO;VITONE, FRANCESCA;SCHIAVONE, PASQUA;RE, MARIA CARLA
2007

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Since HIV infection cannot be completely eliminated due to the establishment of latently infected CD4+ T cell reservoirs, there is an urgent need for a clearer understanding of comparative resistance profiles between plasma and PBMC in HIV-1 patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of mutations associated with drug resistance and to compare cell free and cell-associated strains. STUDY DESIGN: Genotypic resistance analysis on viral DNA and plasma was performed in 31 therapy naive patients with chronic infection to check reverse transcriptase (RT) and protease resistance associated mutations before beginning antiretroviral therapy. RESULTS: Direct sequencing of DNA provirus disclosed key mutations (such as G190A/S, V106A, K103N and T215F) to RT inhibitors more frequently (7 patients out 31) than in plasma RNA (2 out of 31). In addition, major mutations (D30N, M46I, I50V, I84V) associated with drug resistance in the PR region were only found in PBMCs. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the small number of patients, our%
Bon I; Gibellini D; Borderi M; Alessandrini F; Vitone F; Schiavone P; Re MC.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/47343
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