Abstract With regard to the Latin gerund and gerundive, various problems concerning the origin and the ‘priori-ty’ question are repeatedly debated, and also the uses as allo-forms of the infinitive and as untypical participles still present puzzling issues. This paper addresses these topics from both a typological and diachronic perspective, considering first the relation between the -nd- forms and the other non-finite verb forms, with a focus on the behavior of action nominals. The emergence of passive and modal meanings, on the other hand, is examined by considering the similarities and the correlations between the gerundive and the adjectives in -bilis. The etymological proposal discussed in the last section, centers on the inherited affix *-dh- and supports an explanation of the gerund and gerundive in terms of parallel developments from earlier intransitive action nominals, which follow different evolutionary paths along the lines of a semantic map for anticausative meanings and functions.

From action nominals to gerund and gerundive: some reflections on the -nd- forms / Elisabetta Magni. - STAMPA. - Bibliotheca Linguae Latinae 5:(2014), pp. 145-162. (Intervento presentato al convegno XIV Colloquium Internationale Linguisticae Latinae tenutosi a Erfurt nel 17-20 Luglio 2007).

From action nominals to gerund and gerundive: some reflections on the -nd- forms

MAGNI, ELISABETTA
2014

Abstract

Abstract With regard to the Latin gerund and gerundive, various problems concerning the origin and the ‘priori-ty’ question are repeatedly debated, and also the uses as allo-forms of the infinitive and as untypical participles still present puzzling issues. This paper addresses these topics from both a typological and diachronic perspective, considering first the relation between the -nd- forms and the other non-finite verb forms, with a focus on the behavior of action nominals. The emergence of passive and modal meanings, on the other hand, is examined by considering the similarities and the correlations between the gerundive and the adjectives in -bilis. The etymological proposal discussed in the last section, centers on the inherited affix *-dh- and supports an explanation of the gerund and gerundive in terms of parallel developments from earlier intransitive action nominals, which follow different evolutionary paths along the lines of a semantic map for anticausative meanings and functions.
2014
Acta XIV Colloquii Internationalis Linguisticae Latinae
145
162
From action nominals to gerund and gerundive: some reflections on the -nd- forms / Elisabetta Magni. - STAMPA. - Bibliotheca Linguae Latinae 5:(2014), pp. 145-162. (Intervento presentato al convegno XIV Colloquium Internationale Linguisticae Latinae tenutosi a Erfurt nel 17-20 Luglio 2007).
Elisabetta Magni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/468166
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