This paper presents a fully autonomous power converter IC for energy harvesting from multiple and multitype sources, such as piezoelectric, photovoltaic, thermoelectric, and RF transducers. The converter performs an independent self-adapting input power tracking process for each source. The peak power conversion efficiency measured during single-source operation is 89.6%. With all sources enabled, the intrinsic current consumption is as low as 47.9 nA/source. A self-starting battery-less architecture has been implemented in a 0.32-μm STMicroelectronics BCD technology with a 2142 μm × 2142 μm die area. The IC only requires a single-shared inductor and an external storage capacitor for the basic working configuration. With respect to other multisource energy harvesters, this design specifically introduces a series of nanopower design techniques for extreme minimization of the intrinsic consumption during operation. The small chip size combined with the limited number of required external component, the high conversion efficiency, and the state-of-the-art intrinsic nanocurrent consumption make the IC suitable for many critical applications with very limited available power, such as wearable devices or unobtrusive wireless sensor networks.

A nanocurrent power management IC for multiple heterogeneous energy harvesting sources

DINI, MICHELE
;
ROMANI, ALDO;FILIPPI, MATTEO;TARTAGNI, MARCO
2015

Abstract

This paper presents a fully autonomous power converter IC for energy harvesting from multiple and multitype sources, such as piezoelectric, photovoltaic, thermoelectric, and RF transducers. The converter performs an independent self-adapting input power tracking process for each source. The peak power conversion efficiency measured during single-source operation is 89.6%. With all sources enabled, the intrinsic current consumption is as low as 47.9 nA/source. A self-starting battery-less architecture has been implemented in a 0.32-μm STMicroelectronics BCD technology with a 2142 μm × 2142 μm die area. The IC only requires a single-shared inductor and an external storage capacitor for the basic working configuration. With respect to other multisource energy harvesters, this design specifically introduces a series of nanopower design techniques for extreme minimization of the intrinsic consumption during operation. The small chip size combined with the limited number of required external component, the high conversion efficiency, and the state-of-the-art intrinsic nanocurrent consumption make the IC suitable for many critical applications with very limited available power, such as wearable devices or unobtrusive wireless sensor networks.
2015
Michele Dini; Aldo Romani; Matteo Filippi; Valeria Bottarel; Giulio Ricotti; Marco Tartagni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/392255
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