Glycine max is one of the major sources of phytochemicals, in particular of isoflavones, a class of phytoestrogens with ascertained beneficial effects on human health. In the present study, in vitro callus production from soybean hypocotyl seedling explants and cell suspensions were optimized. Time-courses having 20, 40 and 60 g/L of initial cell inoculum were performed to determine the concentration most suitable for isoflavone production. The amount of total polyphenols and total flavonoids as well as the antioxidant capacity of both cell and culture media fractions were measured by means of spectrophotometric methods. The levels of aglycone and glycosylated isoflavones (didzein, genistein, glycitein, didzin, genistin, glycitin), as well as of ferulic acid, vanillic acid and vanillin, were determined by HPLC–DAD. On average, 93.5 % of the total (cells plus media) isoflavones in soybean cell suspensions were detected as aglycones. Concentrated cell cultures as well as industrial soybean seed extracts were enzymatically hydrolyzed to release the aglycones and their metabolic profiles were analysed by HPLC–DAD. In contrast to cell suspensions, in undigested seed extract the aglycon form represented only 16.8 % of the total isoflavones amount. After enzymatic treatment, the antioxidant capacity increased by 30 and 33 %, respectively, in concentrated cell and seed extracts, demonstrating the presence of a larger amount of bioactive metabolites after digestion. At the present extraction conditions, soybean concentrated cell suspensions yielded 5.8- fold more total isoflavones (mostly in the free form) than seed extracts, leading to hypothesise their possible use as ingredients for cosmetic and nutraceutical applications.

Production of free and glycosylated isoflavones in in vitro soybean (Glycine max L.) hypocotyl cell suspensions and comparison with industrial seed extracts

FERRI, MAURA;TASSONI, ANNALISA
2014

Abstract

Glycine max is one of the major sources of phytochemicals, in particular of isoflavones, a class of phytoestrogens with ascertained beneficial effects on human health. In the present study, in vitro callus production from soybean hypocotyl seedling explants and cell suspensions were optimized. Time-courses having 20, 40 and 60 g/L of initial cell inoculum were performed to determine the concentration most suitable for isoflavone production. The amount of total polyphenols and total flavonoids as well as the antioxidant capacity of both cell and culture media fractions were measured by means of spectrophotometric methods. The levels of aglycone and glycosylated isoflavones (didzein, genistein, glycitein, didzin, genistin, glycitin), as well as of ferulic acid, vanillic acid and vanillin, were determined by HPLC–DAD. On average, 93.5 % of the total (cells plus media) isoflavones in soybean cell suspensions were detected as aglycones. Concentrated cell cultures as well as industrial soybean seed extracts were enzymatically hydrolyzed to release the aglycones and their metabolic profiles were analysed by HPLC–DAD. In contrast to cell suspensions, in undigested seed extract the aglycon form represented only 16.8 % of the total isoflavones amount. After enzymatic treatment, the antioxidant capacity increased by 30 and 33 %, respectively, in concentrated cell and seed extracts, demonstrating the presence of a larger amount of bioactive metabolites after digestion. At the present extraction conditions, soybean concentrated cell suspensions yielded 5.8- fold more total isoflavones (mostly in the free form) than seed extracts, leading to hypothesise their possible use as ingredients for cosmetic and nutraceutical applications.
2014
Sabrina Sansanelli;Dario Zanichelli;Alessandro Filippini;Maura Ferri;Annalisa Tassoni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/380658
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