In this study, atmospheric pressure non-thermal plasma treatment of electrospun poly(L-lactic acid) scaffolds is used to improve scaffold hydrophilicity and to introduce carboxyl groups on scaffold surface. Thermo-mechanical properties, morphology, hydrophilicity, and water uptake of the plasma-treated scaffolds are studied. The amount of carboxyl functional groups on the scaffold surface is evaluated using fluorescein isothiocyanate conjugation and microdensitometry. The effect of plasma treatment on mouse embryonic fibroblast morphology is assessed through image analysis. Results show an enhancement of scaffold biocompatibility, demonstrating that atmospheric plasma technology is a flexible process that can be integrated in in-line procedures of biomaterial fabrication and functionalization. Non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma is applied for surface modification of nanofibrous electrospun PLLA scaffolds. The plasma treatment causes a notable increase of scaffold hydrophilicity and wettability and the introduction of carboxylic functional groups. Mouse embryonic fibroblast cells cultured on plasma treated scaffolds show a more elongated and dendritic morphology and a higher vitality than cells cultured on pristine scaffolds.

Carboxyl Surface Functionalization of Poly(L-lactic acid) Electrospun Nanofibers through Atmospheric Non-Thermal Plasma Affects Fibroblast Morphology

DOLCI, LUISA STELLA;QUIROGA, SANTIAGO DAVID;GHERARDI, MATTEO;LAURITA, ROMOLO;LIGUORI, ANNA;SANIBONDI, PAOLO;FIORANI, ANDREA;CALZA', LAURA;COLOMBO, VITTORIO;FOCARETE, MARIA LETIZIA
2014

Abstract

In this study, atmospheric pressure non-thermal plasma treatment of electrospun poly(L-lactic acid) scaffolds is used to improve scaffold hydrophilicity and to introduce carboxyl groups on scaffold surface. Thermo-mechanical properties, morphology, hydrophilicity, and water uptake of the plasma-treated scaffolds are studied. The amount of carboxyl functional groups on the scaffold surface is evaluated using fluorescein isothiocyanate conjugation and microdensitometry. The effect of plasma treatment on mouse embryonic fibroblast morphology is assessed through image analysis. Results show an enhancement of scaffold biocompatibility, demonstrating that atmospheric plasma technology is a flexible process that can be integrated in in-line procedures of biomaterial fabrication and functionalization. Non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma is applied for surface modification of nanofibrous electrospun PLLA scaffolds. The plasma treatment causes a notable increase of scaffold hydrophilicity and wettability and the introduction of carboxylic functional groups. Mouse embryonic fibroblast cells cultured on plasma treated scaffolds show a more elongated and dendritic morphology and a higher vitality than cells cultured on pristine scaffolds.
Luisa Stella Dolci;Santiago David Quiroga;Matteo Gherardi;Romolo Laurita;Anna Liguori;Paolo Sanibondi;Andrea Fiorani;Laura Calza';Vittorio Colombo;Maria Letizia Focarete
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/308523
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