PURPOSE: To assess the impact of the number of lymph nodes removed and of the template of dissection during radical cystectomy for bladder cancer on patients' survival rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 282 consecutive patients who underwent radical cystectomy for muscle-invasive or high-grade superficial bladder cancer between 1995 and 2011. Exclusion criteria were incomplete follow-up data and neo-adjuvant or adjuvant treatments. Patients were divided into groups according to the most informative cut-point of number of lymph nodes retrieved and of the template of dissection. The cancer-specific survival rates were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. The univariate and multivariable forward-stepwise Cox proportional hazards regression were applied to analyze the survival outcomes. RESULTS: The mean (SD) follow-up was 59.2 ± 44.3 months, and the mean (SD) age of the entire cohort population was 68.3 ± 8.3 years. The cancer-specific survival rates were 58.7 and 47.7 % at 5 and 10 years, respectively. Considering both node-positive and node-negative patients, those with at least 14 LNs removed and those submitted to extended or super-extended PLND experienced significantly higher cancer-specific survival at both univariate and multivariable analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Patients undergoing a more extended pelvic lymph node dissection, both in terms of number of LN removed and in terms of template of dissection, will experience a better cancer-specific survival. Our data support a potential role of lymphadenectomy on cancer outcome.

The number of nodes removed as well as the template of the dissection is independently correlated to cancer-specific survival after radical cystectomy for muscle-invasive bladder cancer.

BRUNOCILLA, EUGENIO;PERNETTI, REMIGIO;SCHIAVINA, RICCARDO;BORGHESI, MARCO;VAGNONI, VALERIO;CONCETTI, SERGIO;MARTORANA, GIUSEPPE
2013

Abstract

PURPOSE: To assess the impact of the number of lymph nodes removed and of the template of dissection during radical cystectomy for bladder cancer on patients' survival rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 282 consecutive patients who underwent radical cystectomy for muscle-invasive or high-grade superficial bladder cancer between 1995 and 2011. Exclusion criteria were incomplete follow-up data and neo-adjuvant or adjuvant treatments. Patients were divided into groups according to the most informative cut-point of number of lymph nodes retrieved and of the template of dissection. The cancer-specific survival rates were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. The univariate and multivariable forward-stepwise Cox proportional hazards regression were applied to analyze the survival outcomes. RESULTS: The mean (SD) follow-up was 59.2 ± 44.3 months, and the mean (SD) age of the entire cohort population was 68.3 ± 8.3 years. The cancer-specific survival rates were 58.7 and 47.7 % at 5 and 10 years, respectively. Considering both node-positive and node-negative patients, those with at least 14 LNs removed and those submitted to extended or super-extended PLND experienced significantly higher cancer-specific survival at both univariate and multivariable analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Patients undergoing a more extended pelvic lymph node dissection, both in terms of number of LN removed and in terms of template of dissection, will experience a better cancer-specific survival. Our data support a potential role of lymphadenectomy on cancer outcome.
BRUNOCILLA E.;Pernetti R;Schiavina R;Borghesi M;Vagnoni V;Rocca GC;Borgatti F;Concetti S;Martorana G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/257799
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