BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Conventional chemotherapy has not proven effective in improving long-term results of surgery for liver metastases from colorectal cancer. We assessed the usefulness of immunotherapy with tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) plus Interleukin-2 (IL-2) as adjuvant treatment. METHODS: Between 1995 and 1998, 47 patients were enrolled onto a prospective protocol; 25 entered the treatment group (A) and 22 entered the control group (B). All patients had undergone radical liver resection. TIL obtained from surgical specimens from group A patients were cultured and activated in vitro with IL-2, then reinfused into the patients with IL-2. We investigated pre- and post-IL-2 stimulation expression of T cell receptor (TCR) zeta- and epsilon-chains, p56(lck), Fas, and Fas-L by TIL immunostaining. RESULTS: Fourteen patients from group A (56%) received immunotherapy; 14 from group B (60%) underwent conventional chemotherapy, and the remaining 19 patients did not receive any treatment. No significant differences between the two groups were found in the actuarial and disease-free survival (DSF) rates after 1, 3, and 5 years. After IL-2 exposure, TCR zeta-chain expression significantly increased (P = 0.001); An increase in TCR epsilon-chain expression (P = 0.04), and p56(lck) (P = 0.03) was detected; TCR epsilon-chain expression was significantly increased in disease-free patients compared to those who relapsed (P = 0.04). Fas-L expression was correlated with the TCR epsilon-chain and p56(lck) levels (P = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that we are still a long way from being able to propose TIL + IL-2 treatment as an effective adjuvant therapy. However, the results confirm that the biological indicators examined could play an important role in modulating immunitary response against tumor cells.

Adjuvant, adoptive immunotherapy with tumor infiltrating lymphocytes plus interleukin-2 after radical hepatic resection for colorectal liver metastases: 5-year analysis.

ERCOLANI, GIORGIO;RAVAIOLI, MATTEO;GRAZI, GIAN LUCA;CAVALLARI, ANTONINO;
2004

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Conventional chemotherapy has not proven effective in improving long-term results of surgery for liver metastases from colorectal cancer. We assessed the usefulness of immunotherapy with tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) plus Interleukin-2 (IL-2) as adjuvant treatment. METHODS: Between 1995 and 1998, 47 patients were enrolled onto a prospective protocol; 25 entered the treatment group (A) and 22 entered the control group (B). All patients had undergone radical liver resection. TIL obtained from surgical specimens from group A patients were cultured and activated in vitro with IL-2, then reinfused into the patients with IL-2. We investigated pre- and post-IL-2 stimulation expression of T cell receptor (TCR) zeta- and epsilon-chains, p56(lck), Fas, and Fas-L by TIL immunostaining. RESULTS: Fourteen patients from group A (56%) received immunotherapy; 14 from group B (60%) underwent conventional chemotherapy, and the remaining 19 patients did not receive any treatment. No significant differences between the two groups were found in the actuarial and disease-free survival (DSF) rates after 1, 3, and 5 years. After IL-2 exposure, TCR zeta-chain expression significantly increased (P = 0.001); An increase in TCR epsilon-chain expression (P = 0.04), and p56(lck) (P = 0.03) was detected; TCR epsilon-chain expression was significantly increased in disease-free patients compared to those who relapsed (P = 0.04). Fas-L expression was correlated with the TCR epsilon-chain and p56(lck) levels (P = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that we are still a long way from being able to propose TIL + IL-2 treatment as an effective adjuvant therapy. However, the results confirm that the biological indicators examined could play an important role in modulating immunitary response against tumor cells.
GARDINI A; ERCOLANI G; RICCOBON A; RAVAIOLI M; RIDOLFI L; FLAMINI E; RIDOLFI R; GRAZI G.; CAVALLARI A; AMADORI D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/1647
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