The fluid flow in a radio-frequency induction thermal plasma (RF-ITP) system for the synthesis of nanoparticles has been characterized using three- and two-dimensional modelling supported by enthalpy probe and calorimetric measurements in order to provide insights for the improvement of the process. The RF-ITP system is composed of a commercial inductively coupled plasma torch mounted on a reaction chamber that is equipped with viewports for diagnostics. The three-dimensional model predicted an almost axisymmetric temperature field in the reaction chamber in agreement with enthalpy probe measurements performed along two perpendicular scan axes, whereas recirculating flow patterns resulted in being strongly non-axisymmetric. Temperature profiles at two distances (60mm and 100mm) from the torch outlet have been calculated using two-dimensional modelling and compared with enthalpy probe measurements for different operating conditions with the aim of validating the predictive ability of the modelling tool. Calorimetric measurements have been performed in order to estimate the power coupled to the torch, which is usually an arbitrary input parameter for the models. Poor agreement was obtained between energy balances from modelling and from calorimetric measurements and, starting from this, a discussion on the uncertainties in the calculation of the radiative losses has been proposed. Finally, new insights for the improvement of the process of nanoparticle synthesis in the RF-ITP system are suggested.

V Colombo, C Deschenaux, E Ghedini, M Gherardi, C Jaeggi, M Leparoux, et al. (2012). Fluid-dynamic characterization of a radio-frequency induction thermal plasma system for nanoparticle synthesis. PLASMA SOURCES SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 21(4), 1-12 [10.1088/0963-0252/21/4/045010].

Fluid-dynamic characterization of a radio-frequency induction thermal plasma system for nanoparticle synthesis

COLOMBO, VITTORIO;GHEDINI, EMANUELE;GHERARDI, MATTEO;VIJAY, MANI;SANIBONDI, PAOLO
2012

Abstract

The fluid flow in a radio-frequency induction thermal plasma (RF-ITP) system for the synthesis of nanoparticles has been characterized using three- and two-dimensional modelling supported by enthalpy probe and calorimetric measurements in order to provide insights for the improvement of the process. The RF-ITP system is composed of a commercial inductively coupled plasma torch mounted on a reaction chamber that is equipped with viewports for diagnostics. The three-dimensional model predicted an almost axisymmetric temperature field in the reaction chamber in agreement with enthalpy probe measurements performed along two perpendicular scan axes, whereas recirculating flow patterns resulted in being strongly non-axisymmetric. Temperature profiles at two distances (60mm and 100mm) from the torch outlet have been calculated using two-dimensional modelling and compared with enthalpy probe measurements for different operating conditions with the aim of validating the predictive ability of the modelling tool. Calorimetric measurements have been performed in order to estimate the power coupled to the torch, which is usually an arbitrary input parameter for the models. Poor agreement was obtained between energy balances from modelling and from calorimetric measurements and, starting from this, a discussion on the uncertainties in the calculation of the radiative losses has been proposed. Finally, new insights for the improvement of the process of nanoparticle synthesis in the RF-ITP system are suggested.
2012
V Colombo, C Deschenaux, E Ghedini, M Gherardi, C Jaeggi, M Leparoux, et al. (2012). Fluid-dynamic characterization of a radio-frequency induction thermal plasma system for nanoparticle synthesis. PLASMA SOURCES SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 21(4), 1-12 [10.1088/0963-0252/21/4/045010].
V Colombo; C Deschenaux; E Ghedini; M Gherardi; C Jaeggi; M Leparoux; V Mani; P Sanibondi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/119748
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