CDKN1C/P57 is a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor implicated in different human cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); however, little is known regarding the role of CDKN1C/P57 and its regulation in HCC. In this study, we show that the down-regulation of Notch1 and Notch3 in two HCC cell lines resulted in Hes1 down-regulation, CDKN1C/P57 up-regulation, and reduced cell growth. In line with these data, we report that CDKN1C/P57 is a target of transcriptional repression by the Notch effector, Hes1. We found that the up-regulation of CDKN1C/P57 by cDNA transfection decreased tumor growth, as determined by growth curve, flow cytometry analysis, and cyclin D1 down-regulation, without affecting the apoptosis machinery. Indeed, the expression of Bax, Noxa, PUMA, BNIP(3), and cleaved caspase-3 was not affected by CDKN1C/P57 induction. Morphologically CDKN1C/p57-induced HCC cells became flat and lengthened in shape, accumulated the senescence-associated β-galactosidase marker, and increased P16 protein expression. Evaluation of senescence in cells depleted both for Hes1 and CDKN1C/P57 revealed that the senescent state really depends on the accumulation of CDKN1C/p57. Finally, we validated our in vitro results in primary HCCs, showing that Hes1 protein expression inversely correlates with CDKN1C/P57 mRNA levels. In addition, reduced Hes1 protein expression is accompanied by a shorter time to recurrence after curative resection, suggesting that Hes1 may represent a biomarker for prediction of patients with poor prognosis.

CDKN1C/P57 Is Regulated by the Notch Target Gene Hes1 and Induces Senescence in Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma / Giovannini C.; Gramantieri L.; Minguzzi M.; Fornari F.; Chieco P.; Grazi G.L.; Bolondi L.. - In: THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PATHOLOGY. - ISSN 0002-9440. - STAMPA. - 181:(2012), pp. 413-422. [10.1016/j.ajpath.2012.04.019]

CDKN1C/P57 Is Regulated by the Notch Target Gene Hes1 and Induces Senescence in Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

GIOVANNINI, CATIA;MINGUZZI, MANUELA;FORNARI, FRANCESCA;Chieco P.;GRAZI, GIAN LUCA;BOLONDI, LUIGI
2012

Abstract

CDKN1C/P57 is a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor implicated in different human cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); however, little is known regarding the role of CDKN1C/P57 and its regulation in HCC. In this study, we show that the down-regulation of Notch1 and Notch3 in two HCC cell lines resulted in Hes1 down-regulation, CDKN1C/P57 up-regulation, and reduced cell growth. In line with these data, we report that CDKN1C/P57 is a target of transcriptional repression by the Notch effector, Hes1. We found that the up-regulation of CDKN1C/P57 by cDNA transfection decreased tumor growth, as determined by growth curve, flow cytometry analysis, and cyclin D1 down-regulation, without affecting the apoptosis machinery. Indeed, the expression of Bax, Noxa, PUMA, BNIP(3), and cleaved caspase-3 was not affected by CDKN1C/P57 induction. Morphologically CDKN1C/p57-induced HCC cells became flat and lengthened in shape, accumulated the senescence-associated β-galactosidase marker, and increased P16 protein expression. Evaluation of senescence in cells depleted both for Hes1 and CDKN1C/P57 revealed that the senescent state really depends on the accumulation of CDKN1C/p57. Finally, we validated our in vitro results in primary HCCs, showing that Hes1 protein expression inversely correlates with CDKN1C/P57 mRNA levels. In addition, reduced Hes1 protein expression is accompanied by a shorter time to recurrence after curative resection, suggesting that Hes1 may represent a biomarker for prediction of patients with poor prognosis.
2012
CDKN1C/P57 Is Regulated by the Notch Target Gene Hes1 and Induces Senescence in Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma / Giovannini C.; Gramantieri L.; Minguzzi M.; Fornari F.; Chieco P.; Grazi G.L.; Bolondi L.. - In: THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PATHOLOGY. - ISSN 0002-9440. - STAMPA. - 181:(2012), pp. 413-422. [10.1016/j.ajpath.2012.04.019]
Giovannini C.; Gramantieri L.; Minguzzi M.; Fornari F.; Chieco P.; Grazi G.L.; Bolondi L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/119434
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