In this study, we investigated the antiproliferative and anti-invasive mechanism action of sodium valproate (VPA), an inhibitor of histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity, in combination with the rexinoid 6-OH-11-O-hydroxyphenanthrene (IIF), a ligand of retinoid X receptor (RXR), in the HT-29 and LoVo colon cancer cell lines. VPA inhibited HDAC-1 and increased RXRγ expression. VPA and IIF reduced viability in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The combined use of VPA and IIF enhanced the apoptosis induction. In particular, the BCL2 level decreased, while levels of BAX, cleaved caspase-3 and caspase-9 increased. The same treatment also reduced invasiveness of HT-29 cell line through the inhibition of metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9) expression, and MMP9 and MMP2 activity, with an increase of tissue inhibitors of MMPs TIMP1 and TIMP2. In conclusion, VPA and IIF have strong proapoptotic and anti-invasive effects in the HT-29 colon cancer cell line and their effects are enhanced when used together.

Anti-invasive Effects and Proapoptotic Activity Induction by the Rexinoid IIF and Valproic Acid in Combination on Colon Cancer Cell Lines.

PAPI, ALESSIO;FERRERI, ANNA MARIA;GUERRA, FRANCESCO;ORLANDI, MARINA
2012

Abstract

In this study, we investigated the antiproliferative and anti-invasive mechanism action of sodium valproate (VPA), an inhibitor of histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity, in combination with the rexinoid 6-OH-11-O-hydroxyphenanthrene (IIF), a ligand of retinoid X receptor (RXR), in the HT-29 and LoVo colon cancer cell lines. VPA inhibited HDAC-1 and increased RXRγ expression. VPA and IIF reduced viability in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The combined use of VPA and IIF enhanced the apoptosis induction. In particular, the BCL2 level decreased, while levels of BAX, cleaved caspase-3 and caspase-9 increased. The same treatment also reduced invasiveness of HT-29 cell line through the inhibition of metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9) expression, and MMP9 and MMP2 activity, with an increase of tissue inhibitors of MMPs TIMP1 and TIMP2. In conclusion, VPA and IIF have strong proapoptotic and anti-invasive effects in the HT-29 colon cancer cell line and their effects are enhanced when used together.
A. Papi; A.M. Ferreri; F. Guerra; M. Orlandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/119119
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