Saporin-S6 is a single-chain ribosome-inactivating protein (RIP) that has low toxicity in cells and animals. When the protein is bound to a carrier that facilitates cellular uptake, the protein becomes highly and selectively toxic to the cellular target of the carrier. Thus, saporin-S6 is one of the most widely used RIPs in the preparation of immunoconjugates for anti-cancer therapy. The endocytosis of saporin-S6 by the neoplastic HeLa cells and the subsequent intracellular trafficking were investigated by confocal microscopy that utilises indirect immunofluorescence analysis and transmission electron microscopy that utilises a direct assay with gold-conjugated saporin-S6 and an indirect immunoelectron microscopy assay. Our results indicate that saporin-S6 was taken up by cells mainly through receptor-independent endocytosis. Confocal microscopy analysis showed around 30% co-localisation of saporin-S6 with the endosomal compartment and less than 10% co-localisation with the Golgi apparatus. The pathway identified by the immunofluorescence assay and transmission electron microscopy displayed a progressive accumulation of saporin-S6 in perinuclear vesicular structures. The main findings of this work are the following: i) the nuclear localisation of saporin-S6 and ii) the presence of DNA gaps resulting from basic sites in HeLa nuclei after intoxication with saporin-S6.

Endocytosis and intracellular localisation of type 1 ribosome-inactivating protein saporin-s6

BOLOGNESI, ANDREA;POLITO, LETIZIA;SCICCHITANO, VITTORIA;ORRICO, CATIA;PASQUINELLI, GIANANDREA;MUSIANI, SILVIA;RICCIO, MASSIMO;BORTOLOTTI, MASSIMO;BATTELLI, MARIA GIULIA
2012

Abstract

Saporin-S6 is a single-chain ribosome-inactivating protein (RIP) that has low toxicity in cells and animals. When the protein is bound to a carrier that facilitates cellular uptake, the protein becomes highly and selectively toxic to the cellular target of the carrier. Thus, saporin-S6 is one of the most widely used RIPs in the preparation of immunoconjugates for anti-cancer therapy. The endocytosis of saporin-S6 by the neoplastic HeLa cells and the subsequent intracellular trafficking were investigated by confocal microscopy that utilises indirect immunofluorescence analysis and transmission electron microscopy that utilises a direct assay with gold-conjugated saporin-S6 and an indirect immunoelectron microscopy assay. Our results indicate that saporin-S6 was taken up by cells mainly through receptor-independent endocytosis. Confocal microscopy analysis showed around 30% co-localisation of saporin-S6 with the endosomal compartment and less than 10% co-localisation with the Golgi apparatus. The pathway identified by the immunofluorescence assay and transmission electron microscopy displayed a progressive accumulation of saporin-S6 in perinuclear vesicular structures. The main findings of this work are the following: i) the nuclear localisation of saporin-S6 and ii) the presence of DNA gaps resulting from basic sites in HeLa nuclei after intoxication with saporin-S6.
Bolognesi A.; Polito L.; Scicchitano V.; Orrico C.; Pasquinelli G.; Musiani S.; Santi S.; Riccio M.; Bortolotti M.; Battelli MG.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/118393
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