A subject of great interest and important investments bygovernments, navigation system companies and street management authorities is highway safety. In this context, an important role is played by applications designed to warn drivers of upcoming dangers. An example is vehicular accident warning systems, which advertise accident events to approaching vehicles. The effectiveness of currently in use vehicular accident warning systems can be jeopardized by their: (a) inability to provide an accident warning to the closest approaching vehicles; and, (b) high delays in advertising an event. In fact, such systems are unable to reach the vehicles that are closest to an accident site due to the absence of any deployed automatic detection and broadcast mechanisms. The future deployment of Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANETs) can fill this gap. By leveraging on the distributed nature of ad hoc networks, accident warning systems can rapidly alert the vehicles which most risk their involvement in a crash. To reach this goal, VANET-based accident warning systems require the design of efficient broadcast algorithms. A number of solutions have been proposed in the past few years. However, no such proposals, to the best of our knowledge, assume realistic wireless propagation scenarios. The scope of this paper is to present an optimal distributed algorithm, working at the application layer, for the broadcast of safety messages in VANETs. Optimality, in terms of delay, is achieved in unidimensional highway scenarios and under realistic wireless propagation assumptions. This is the only algorithm, to this date, capable of reaching all vehicles with the minimum number of transmissions within a realistic setting.

Going Realistic and Optimal: A Distributed Multi-Hop Broadcast Algorithm for Vehicular Safety

AMOROSO, ALESSANDRO;MARFIA, GUSTAVO;ROCCETTI, MARCO
2011

Abstract

A subject of great interest and important investments bygovernments, navigation system companies and street management authorities is highway safety. In this context, an important role is played by applications designed to warn drivers of upcoming dangers. An example is vehicular accident warning systems, which advertise accident events to approaching vehicles. The effectiveness of currently in use vehicular accident warning systems can be jeopardized by their: (a) inability to provide an accident warning to the closest approaching vehicles; and, (b) high delays in advertising an event. In fact, such systems are unable to reach the vehicles that are closest to an accident site due to the absence of any deployed automatic detection and broadcast mechanisms. The future deployment of Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANETs) can fill this gap. By leveraging on the distributed nature of ad hoc networks, accident warning systems can rapidly alert the vehicles which most risk their involvement in a crash. To reach this goal, VANET-based accident warning systems require the design of efficient broadcast algorithms. A number of solutions have been proposed in the past few years. However, no such proposals, to the best of our knowledge, assume realistic wireless propagation scenarios. The scope of this paper is to present an optimal distributed algorithm, working at the application layer, for the broadcast of safety messages in VANETs. Optimality, in terms of delay, is achieved in unidimensional highway scenarios and under realistic wireless propagation assumptions. This is the only algorithm, to this date, capable of reaching all vehicles with the minimum number of transmissions within a realistic setting.
A. Amoroso; G. Marfia; M. Roccetti
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/102325
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 69
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 54
social impact