We examine the relative fractions of passive (Type 1), quiet-SF (Type 2) and active-SF (Type 3+4) galaxies as a function of luminosity and number of neighbours in several volume limited samples selected from the 2dFGRS. Neighbours are counted within 1 $h_{75}^{-1}$ Mpc projected distance, and $pm$ 1000 km s$^{-1}$ depth. We apply a maximum magnitude difference criterion and require neighbours to be fainter than the galaxy itself. We show that, whatever the environment, passive galaxies dominate in bright samples and active-SF galaxies in faint samples, whereas quiet-SF galaxies never dominate. We further show that in bright samples (M$_{B}$ -- 5 $log$ $h_{75}$ $leq$$ - 19$) the fraction of passive galaxies grows steadily with fainter neighbour density, whereas in faint samples a threshold like dependence is observed. This suggests that the spectral-type / density ($approx$ morphology / density) relation extends to intermediate dense environment, but only in the surrounding of luminous galaxies and that it reflects an enhancement of the number of satellites rather than stronger clustering among galaxies themselves. Our analysis indicates that, in general, luminosity is a good tracer of a galaxy halo mass and that it dominates over environment (satellite density) in setting the spectral type mix of a population. However, minority populations exist, such as luminous SF galaxies and faint passive galaxies, whose luminosity is an unfair tracer of halo mass.

The spectral-type/luminosity and the spectral type/satellite-density relations in the 2dFGRS

KELM, BIRGIT;FOCARDI, PAOLA;
2005

Abstract

We examine the relative fractions of passive (Type 1), quiet-SF (Type 2) and active-SF (Type 3+4) galaxies as a function of luminosity and number of neighbours in several volume limited samples selected from the 2dFGRS. Neighbours are counted within 1 $h_{75}^{-1}$ Mpc projected distance, and $pm$ 1000 km s$^{-1}$ depth. We apply a maximum magnitude difference criterion and require neighbours to be fainter than the galaxy itself. We show that, whatever the environment, passive galaxies dominate in bright samples and active-SF galaxies in faint samples, whereas quiet-SF galaxies never dominate. We further show that in bright samples (M$_{B}$ -- 5 $log$ $h_{75}$ $leq$$ - 19$) the fraction of passive galaxies grows steadily with fainter neighbour density, whereas in faint samples a threshold like dependence is observed. This suggests that the spectral-type / density ($approx$ morphology / density) relation extends to intermediate dense environment, but only in the surrounding of luminous galaxies and that it reflects an enhancement of the number of satellites rather than stronger clustering among galaxies themselves. Our analysis indicates that, in general, luminosity is a good tracer of a galaxy halo mass and that it dominates over environment (satellite density) in setting the spectral type mix of a population. However, minority populations exist, such as luminous SF galaxies and faint passive galaxies, whose luminosity is an unfair tracer of halo mass.
B. Kelm; P.Focardi; G. Sorrentino
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/9775
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 50
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 52
social impact