The energies of electron attachment associated with temporary occupation of the lower-lying virtual orbitals of cyanoacetic acid (CAA), proposed as a possible component of dye-sensitized solar cells, and its derivative methyl cyanoacetate (MCA) are measured in the gas phase with electron transmission spectroscopy (ETS). The corresponding orbital energies of the neutral molecule, supplied by B3LYP/6-31G(d) calculations and scaled using an empirically calibrated linear equation, are compared with the experimental vertical attachment energies (VAEs). The vertical and adiabatic electron affinities are also evaluated at the B3LYP/6-31+G(d) level as the anion/neutral total energy difference. Dissociative electron attachment spectroscopy (DEAS) is used to measure the total anion current as a function of the incident electron energy in the 0-4 eV energy range, and the negative fragments generated through the dissociative decay channels of the molecular anion are detected with a mass filter. In both compounds only two intense fragment anion currents are observed, that due to loss of a hydrogen atom from the molecular anion ([M-H]-) and to formation of CN . In CAA the former signal displays a very sharp feature at 0.68 eV, assigned to a vibrational Feshbach resonance arising from coupling between a dipole bound anion state and a temporary sigma* anion state.

Electron attachment to dye-sensitized solar cell components: cyanoacetic acid.

MODELLI, ALBERTO;
2011

Abstract

The energies of electron attachment associated with temporary occupation of the lower-lying virtual orbitals of cyanoacetic acid (CAA), proposed as a possible component of dye-sensitized solar cells, and its derivative methyl cyanoacetate (MCA) are measured in the gas phase with electron transmission spectroscopy (ETS). The corresponding orbital energies of the neutral molecule, supplied by B3LYP/6-31G(d) calculations and scaled using an empirically calibrated linear equation, are compared with the experimental vertical attachment energies (VAEs). The vertical and adiabatic electron affinities are also evaluated at the B3LYP/6-31+G(d) level as the anion/neutral total energy difference. Dissociative electron attachment spectroscopy (DEAS) is used to measure the total anion current as a function of the incident electron energy in the 0-4 eV energy range, and the negative fragments generated through the dissociative decay channels of the molecular anion are detected with a mass filter. In both compounds only two intense fragment anion currents are observed, that due to loss of a hydrogen atom from the molecular anion ([M-H]-) and to formation of CN . In CAA the former signal displays a very sharp feature at 0.68 eV, assigned to a vibrational Feshbach resonance arising from coupling between a dipole bound anion state and a temporary sigma* anion state.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/97560
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