: Material Jetting (MJ) 3D printing technology is promising for the fabrication of highly realistic surgical simulators, however, the changes in the mechanical properties of MJ materials after post-printing treatments and over time remain quite unknown. In this study, we investigate the effect of different post-printing processes and aging on the mechanical properties of a white opaque and rigid MJ photopolymer, a white flexible MJ photopolymer and on a combination of them. Tensile and Shore hardness tests were conducted on homogeneous 3D-printed specimens: two different post-printing procedures for support removal (dry and water) and further surface treatment (with glycerol solution) were compared. The specimens were tested within 48 h from printing and after aging (30-180 days) in a controlled environment. All groups of specimens treated with different post-printing processes (dry, water, glycerol) exhibited a statistically significant difference in mechanical properties (i.e. elongation at break, elastic modulus, ultimate tensile strength). Particularly, the treatment with glycerol makes the flexible photopolymer more rigid, but then with aging the initial elongation of the material tends to be restored. For the rigid photopolymer, an increase in deformability was observed as a major effect of aging. The hardness tests on the printed specimens highlighted a significant overestimation of the Shore values declared by the manufacturer. The study findings are useful for guiding the material selection and post-printing processing techniques to manufacture realistic and durable models for surgical training.

Emiliani, N., Porcaro, R., Pisaneschi, G., Bortolani, B., Ferretti, F., Fontana, F., et al. (2024). Post-printing processing and aging effects on Polyjet materials intended for the fabrication of advanced surgical simulators. JOURNAL OF THE MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS, 156, 1-10 [10.1016/j.jmbbm.2024.106598].

Post-printing processing and aging effects on Polyjet materials intended for the fabrication of advanced surgical simulators

Emiliani, Nicolas
Primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Porcaro, Rita
Secondo
Methodology
;
Pisaneschi, Gregorio
Methodology
;
Bortolani, Barbara
Software
;
Ferretti, Fabrizio
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Fontana, Francesco
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Campana, Giampaolo
Supervision
;
Fiorini, Maurizio
Supervision
;
Marcelli, Emanuela
Penultimo
Supervision
;
Cercenelli, Laura
Ultimo
Conceptualization
2024

Abstract

: Material Jetting (MJ) 3D printing technology is promising for the fabrication of highly realistic surgical simulators, however, the changes in the mechanical properties of MJ materials after post-printing treatments and over time remain quite unknown. In this study, we investigate the effect of different post-printing processes and aging on the mechanical properties of a white opaque and rigid MJ photopolymer, a white flexible MJ photopolymer and on a combination of them. Tensile and Shore hardness tests were conducted on homogeneous 3D-printed specimens: two different post-printing procedures for support removal (dry and water) and further surface treatment (with glycerol solution) were compared. The specimens were tested within 48 h from printing and after aging (30-180 days) in a controlled environment. All groups of specimens treated with different post-printing processes (dry, water, glycerol) exhibited a statistically significant difference in mechanical properties (i.e. elongation at break, elastic modulus, ultimate tensile strength). Particularly, the treatment with glycerol makes the flexible photopolymer more rigid, but then with aging the initial elongation of the material tends to be restored. For the rigid photopolymer, an increase in deformability was observed as a major effect of aging. The hardness tests on the printed specimens highlighted a significant overestimation of the Shore values declared by the manufacturer. The study findings are useful for guiding the material selection and post-printing processing techniques to manufacture realistic and durable models for surgical training.
2024
Emiliani, N., Porcaro, R., Pisaneschi, G., Bortolani, B., Ferretti, F., Fontana, F., et al. (2024). Post-printing processing and aging effects on Polyjet materials intended for the fabrication of advanced surgical simulators. JOURNAL OF THE MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS, 156, 1-10 [10.1016/j.jmbbm.2024.106598].
Emiliani, Nicolas; Porcaro, Rita; Pisaneschi, Gregorio; Bortolani, Barbara; Ferretti, Fabrizio; Fontana, Francesco; Campana, Giampaolo; Fiorini, Mauri...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/972099
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