Somatotroph (GH) adenomas/PitNETs typically arise from adenohypophysis and are biochemically active, leading to acromegaly and gigantism. More rarely, they present with ectopic origin and do not present overt biochemical or clinical features (silent variants). Histopathological examination should consider the clinical and radiological background, and include multiple steps assessing tumor morphology, pituitary transcription factors (PTFs), hormone secretion, proliferation markers, granulation, and somatostatin receptors (STRs), aimed at depicting as better as possible tumor origin (in case of non-functioning and/or metastatic tumor), and clinical behavior, including response to treatment. GH-secreting tumors are part of the Pit-1 family tumors and can secrete GH only (pure somatotrophs) or co-secrete prolactin (mixed tumors; in this case, various histological subtypes have been identified). Each subtype presents unique radiological, biochemical, and clinical characteristic. Therefore, the integration of biochemical, clinical, radiological, and histopathological elements is fundamental for proper diagnosis and management of pituitary adenomas/PitNETs, to be performed in referral Centers. In more recent times, the importance of genetic and epigenetic evaluation in the characterization of pituitary tumors (i.e., early identification of aggressive variants) has been outlined by some large studies, with the intention of improving targeted treatments.

Histopathology of growth hormone-secreting pituitary tumors: State of the art and new perspectives / Guaraldi F.; Ambrosi F.; Ricci C.; Di Sciascio L.; Asioli S.. - In: BAILLIERE'S BEST PRACTICE & RESEARCH. CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM. - ISSN 1521-690X. - STAMPA. - 38:3(2024), pp. 101894.1-101894.12. [10.1016/j.beem.2024.101894]

Histopathology of growth hormone-secreting pituitary tumors: State of the art and new perspectives

Ambrosi F.
Secondo
;
Ricci C.;Di Sciascio L.;Asioli S.
Ultimo
Project Administration
2024

Abstract

Somatotroph (GH) adenomas/PitNETs typically arise from adenohypophysis and are biochemically active, leading to acromegaly and gigantism. More rarely, they present with ectopic origin and do not present overt biochemical or clinical features (silent variants). Histopathological examination should consider the clinical and radiological background, and include multiple steps assessing tumor morphology, pituitary transcription factors (PTFs), hormone secretion, proliferation markers, granulation, and somatostatin receptors (STRs), aimed at depicting as better as possible tumor origin (in case of non-functioning and/or metastatic tumor), and clinical behavior, including response to treatment. GH-secreting tumors are part of the Pit-1 family tumors and can secrete GH only (pure somatotrophs) or co-secrete prolactin (mixed tumors; in this case, various histological subtypes have been identified). Each subtype presents unique radiological, biochemical, and clinical characteristic. Therefore, the integration of biochemical, clinical, radiological, and histopathological elements is fundamental for proper diagnosis and management of pituitary adenomas/PitNETs, to be performed in referral Centers. In more recent times, the importance of genetic and epigenetic evaluation in the characterization of pituitary tumors (i.e., early identification of aggressive variants) has been outlined by some large studies, with the intention of improving targeted treatments.
2024
Histopathology of growth hormone-secreting pituitary tumors: State of the art and new perspectives / Guaraldi F.; Ambrosi F.; Ricci C.; Di Sciascio L.; Asioli S.. - In: BAILLIERE'S BEST PRACTICE & RESEARCH. CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM. - ISSN 1521-690X. - STAMPA. - 38:3(2024), pp. 101894.1-101894.12. [10.1016/j.beem.2024.101894]
Guaraldi F.; Ambrosi F.; Ricci C.; Di Sciascio L.; Asioli S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/969763
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