Theoretical description of the experimentally obtained spectra for protons and α-particles and model calculations for the neutron spectra in the reactions with heavy ions has been presented. The hybrid model of non-equilibrium processes was used. Equilibrium evaporation process was analyzed in the framework of the statistical theory of nuclear reactions with Monte-Carlo simulation including certain dynamical and kinematical characteristics. This approach was included in PACE code, which permits to simulate Monte-Carlo de-excitation nuclear process. The Fermi-gas model and level-density phe-nomenological model for the variation of the nuclear level density parameters was used. In this approach data on 16O+116Sn reaction with Ebeam=130, 250 MeV were analyzed. Double-differential light charged particle spectra for this reaction were measured using the GARFIELD apparatus in coincidence with evaporation residues. The experimental data were collected in four angular ranges from 29 to 41, 41 to 53, 53 to 67 and 67 to 82 degrees in the laboratory system. The results of the calculations are shown and discussed for these four angular ranges. The contributions from the evaporative and preequilibrium processes were analyzed in connection with different nucleus equilibration mechanisms.

PRE-EQUILIBRIUM EFFECTS IN THE SECONDARY PARTICLE SPECTRA IN THE REACTIONS WITH HEAVY IONS

BRUNO, MAURO;D'AGOSTINO, MICHELA;
2010

Abstract

Theoretical description of the experimentally obtained spectra for protons and α-particles and model calculations for the neutron spectra in the reactions with heavy ions has been presented. The hybrid model of non-equilibrium processes was used. Equilibrium evaporation process was analyzed in the framework of the statistical theory of nuclear reactions with Monte-Carlo simulation including certain dynamical and kinematical characteristics. This approach was included in PACE code, which permits to simulate Monte-Carlo de-excitation nuclear process. The Fermi-gas model and level-density phe-nomenological model for the variation of the nuclear level density parameters was used. In this approach data on 16O+116Sn reaction with Ebeam=130, 250 MeV were analyzed. Double-differential light charged particle spectra for this reaction were measured using the GARFIELD apparatus in coincidence with evaporation residues. The experimental data were collected in four angular ranges from 29 to 41, 41 to 53, 53 to 67 and 67 to 82 degrees in the laboratory system. The results of the calculations are shown and discussed for these four angular ranges. The contributions from the evaporative and preequilibrium processes were analyzed in connection with different nucleus equilibration mechanisms.
O. V. FOTINA; D. O. EREMENKO; YU. L. PARFENOVA; S. YU. PLATONOV; O. A. YUMINOV; V. L. KRAVCHUK; F. GRAMEGNA; S. BARLINI; G. CASINI; M. BRUNO; M. D’AGOSTINO; O.WIELAND; A. BRACCO; F. CAMERA
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/96842
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