Objective: To study the mechanism(s) linking insulin resistance (IR) to hepatic fibrosis and the role of the epithelial component in tissue repair and fibrosis in chronic hepatitis C (CHC). Design: Prospective observational study. Setting: Tertiary care academic centre. Patients: 78 consecutive patients with CHC. Main outcome measures: IR, calculated by the oral glucose insulin sensitivity during oral glucose tolerance test; necroinflammatory activity and fibrosis, defined according to Ishak’s score; steatosis, graded as 0 (<5% of hepatocytes), 1 (5e33%), 2 (33e66%) and 3 (>66%). To evaluate the role of the epithelial component in tissue repair and fibrosis, the expansion of the ductular reaction (DR) was calculated by keratin-7 (CK7) morphometry. Nuclear expression of Snail, downregulation of E-cadherin and expression of fibroblast specific protein-1 (FSP1) and vimentin by CK7-positive cells were used as markers of epithelial-mesenchymal transition in DR elements. Results: IR, the degree of necroinflammation and expansion of the DR (stratified as reactive ductular cells (RDCs), hepatic progenitor cells and intermediate hepatobiliary cells according to morphological criteria) were all associated with the stage of fibrosis. Nuclear Snail expression, E-cadherin downregulation and vimentin upregulation were observed in RDCs. By dual immunofluorescence for CK7 and FSP1, the number of RDCs undergoing epithelial-mesenchymal transition progressively increased together with the necroinflammatory score. By multivariate analysis, total inflammation and insulin resistance were the only factors significantly predicting the presence of advanced fibrosis (Ishak score $3) and the expansion of RDCs. Conclusion: This study indicates that IR is associated with the degree of necroinflammatory injury in CHC and contributes to hepatic fibrosis by stimulating the expansion of RDCs that express epithelial-mesenchymal transition markers.

Insulin resistance and necroinflammation drives ductular reaction and epithelial-mesenchimal transition in chronic hepatitis C

MARCHESINI REGGIANI, GIULIO
2011

Abstract

Objective: To study the mechanism(s) linking insulin resistance (IR) to hepatic fibrosis and the role of the epithelial component in tissue repair and fibrosis in chronic hepatitis C (CHC). Design: Prospective observational study. Setting: Tertiary care academic centre. Patients: 78 consecutive patients with CHC. Main outcome measures: IR, calculated by the oral glucose insulin sensitivity during oral glucose tolerance test; necroinflammatory activity and fibrosis, defined according to Ishak’s score; steatosis, graded as 0 (<5% of hepatocytes), 1 (5e33%), 2 (33e66%) and 3 (>66%). To evaluate the role of the epithelial component in tissue repair and fibrosis, the expansion of the ductular reaction (DR) was calculated by keratin-7 (CK7) morphometry. Nuclear expression of Snail, downregulation of E-cadherin and expression of fibroblast specific protein-1 (FSP1) and vimentin by CK7-positive cells were used as markers of epithelial-mesenchymal transition in DR elements. Results: IR, the degree of necroinflammation and expansion of the DR (stratified as reactive ductular cells (RDCs), hepatic progenitor cells and intermediate hepatobiliary cells according to morphological criteria) were all associated with the stage of fibrosis. Nuclear Snail expression, E-cadherin downregulation and vimentin upregulation were observed in RDCs. By dual immunofluorescence for CK7 and FSP1, the number of RDCs undergoing epithelial-mesenchymal transition progressively increased together with the necroinflammatory score. By multivariate analysis, total inflammation and insulin resistance were the only factors significantly predicting the presence of advanced fibrosis (Ishak score $3) and the expansion of RDCs. Conclusion: This study indicates that IR is associated with the degree of necroinflammatory injury in CHC and contributes to hepatic fibrosis by stimulating the expansion of RDCs that express epithelial-mesenchymal transition markers.
GUT
G. Svegliati Baroni; G. Faraci; L. Fabris; S. Saccomanno; M. Cadamuro; I. Pierantonelli; L. Trozzi; E. Bugianesi; M. Guido; M. Strazzabosco; A. Benedetti; G. Marchesini Reggiani
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/96771
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