Proton beam therapy is considered a step forward with respect to electromagnetic radiation, thanks to the reduction in the dose delivered. Among unwanted effects to healthy tissue, cardiovascular complications are a known long-term radiotherapy complication. The transcriptional response of cardiac tissue from xenografted BALB/c nude mice obtained at 3 and 10 days after proton irradiation covering both the tumor region and the underlying healthy tissue was analyzed as a function of dose and time. Three doses were used: 2 Gy, 6 Gy, and 9 Gy. The intermediate dose had caused the greatest impact at 3 days after irradiation: at 2 Gy, 219 genes were differently expressed, many of them represented by zinc finger proteins; at 6 Gy, there were 1109, with a predominance of genes involved in energy metabolism and responses to stimuli; and at 9 Gy, there were 105, mainly represented by zinc finger proteins and molecules involved in the regulation of cardiac function. After 10 days, no significant effects were detected, suggesting that cellular repair mechanisms had defused the potential alterations in gene expression. The nonlinear dose–response curve indicates a need to update the models built on photons to improve accuracy in health risk prediction. Our data also suggest a possible role for zinc finger protein genes as markers of proton therapy efficacy.

Sala, C., Tarozzi, M., Simonetti, G., Pazzaglia, M., Cammarata, F.P., Russo, G., et al. (2024). Impact on the Transcriptome of Proton Beam Irradiation Targeted at Healthy Cardiac Tissue of Mice. CANCERS, 16(8), 1-16 [10.3390/cancers16081471].

Impact on the Transcriptome of Proton Beam Irradiation Targeted at Healthy Cardiac Tissue of Mice

Sala, Claudia;Tarozzi, Martina
;
Simonetti, Giorgia;Pazzaglia, Martina;Castellani, Gastone;Remondini, Daniel;Zironi, Isabella
2024

Abstract

Proton beam therapy is considered a step forward with respect to electromagnetic radiation, thanks to the reduction in the dose delivered. Among unwanted effects to healthy tissue, cardiovascular complications are a known long-term radiotherapy complication. The transcriptional response of cardiac tissue from xenografted BALB/c nude mice obtained at 3 and 10 days after proton irradiation covering both the tumor region and the underlying healthy tissue was analyzed as a function of dose and time. Three doses were used: 2 Gy, 6 Gy, and 9 Gy. The intermediate dose had caused the greatest impact at 3 days after irradiation: at 2 Gy, 219 genes were differently expressed, many of them represented by zinc finger proteins; at 6 Gy, there were 1109, with a predominance of genes involved in energy metabolism and responses to stimuli; and at 9 Gy, there were 105, mainly represented by zinc finger proteins and molecules involved in the regulation of cardiac function. After 10 days, no significant effects were detected, suggesting that cellular repair mechanisms had defused the potential alterations in gene expression. The nonlinear dose–response curve indicates a need to update the models built on photons to improve accuracy in health risk prediction. Our data also suggest a possible role for zinc finger protein genes as markers of proton therapy efficacy.
2024
Sala, C., Tarozzi, M., Simonetti, G., Pazzaglia, M., Cammarata, F.P., Russo, G., et al. (2024). Impact on the Transcriptome of Proton Beam Irradiation Targeted at Healthy Cardiac Tissue of Mice. CANCERS, 16(8), 1-16 [10.3390/cancers16081471].
Sala, Claudia; Tarozzi, Martina; Simonetti, Giorgia; Pazzaglia, Martina; Cammarata, Francesco Paolo; Russo, Giorgio; Acquaviva, Rosaria; Cirrone, Gius...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/967655
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