Background: Primary cutaneous lymphoma represents 0.2%–3% of all feline lymphomas, with nonepitheliotropic lymphomas being the most common. In humans and dogs, subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma (SPTCL) is a primary nonepitheliotropic lymphoma with a T-cell phenotype developing in the subcutis and often mimicking inflammation. Objective: The aim of this report is to describe pathological, phenotypical and clonal features of SPTCL in cats. Animals: Six cats with SPTCL were included in this study. Materials and Methods: Skin biopsies were formalin-fixed, routinely processed and stained. Histological and immunohistochemical investigation for anti-CD18, CD204, CD79a, CD20, CD3, FeLVp27and FeLVgp70 and clonality assessment were performed. Results: Four male and two female domestic shorthair cats, mean age 11.2 years, developed SPTCL in the abdominal (three), inguinal (two) and thoracic (one) regions. Variably pleomorphic neoplastic lymphoid cells were present in the panniculus in percentages, expanding the septa (six of six) and extending into fat lobules in one of six cats. Tumours were associated with elevated numbers of neutrophils (five of six), lesser macrophages (six of six) and variable necrosis (six of six). Neoplastic cells expressed CD3+ (six of six), with clonal T-cell receptor rearrangement detected in five of six cats. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance: This is the first description of SPTCL in cats. Lesions can be confused with panniculitis, leading to delay in diagnosis and therapy. Awareness of this neoplastic disease is relevant to avoid misdiagnoses and to gain greater knowledge about the disease in cats.

Roccabianca P., Dell'Aere S., Avallone G., Zamboni C., Bertazzolo W., Crippa L., et al. (2023). Subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma: Morphological, immunophenotypical and clonality assessment in six cats. VETERINARY DERMATOLOGY, 0, 0-0 [10.1111/vde.13211].

Subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma: Morphological, immunophenotypical and clonality assessment in six cats

Avallone G.;
2023

Abstract

Background: Primary cutaneous lymphoma represents 0.2%–3% of all feline lymphomas, with nonepitheliotropic lymphomas being the most common. In humans and dogs, subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma (SPTCL) is a primary nonepitheliotropic lymphoma with a T-cell phenotype developing in the subcutis and often mimicking inflammation. Objective: The aim of this report is to describe pathological, phenotypical and clonal features of SPTCL in cats. Animals: Six cats with SPTCL were included in this study. Materials and Methods: Skin biopsies were formalin-fixed, routinely processed and stained. Histological and immunohistochemical investigation for anti-CD18, CD204, CD79a, CD20, CD3, FeLVp27and FeLVgp70 and clonality assessment were performed. Results: Four male and two female domestic shorthair cats, mean age 11.2 years, developed SPTCL in the abdominal (three), inguinal (two) and thoracic (one) regions. Variably pleomorphic neoplastic lymphoid cells were present in the panniculus in percentages, expanding the septa (six of six) and extending into fat lobules in one of six cats. Tumours were associated with elevated numbers of neutrophils (five of six), lesser macrophages (six of six) and variable necrosis (six of six). Neoplastic cells expressed CD3+ (six of six), with clonal T-cell receptor rearrangement detected in five of six cats. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance: This is the first description of SPTCL in cats. Lesions can be confused with panniculitis, leading to delay in diagnosis and therapy. Awareness of this neoplastic disease is relevant to avoid misdiagnoses and to gain greater knowledge about the disease in cats.
2023
Roccabianca P., Dell'Aere S., Avallone G., Zamboni C., Bertazzolo W., Crippa L., et al. (2023). Subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma: Morphological, immunophenotypical and clonality assessment in six cats. VETERINARY DERMATOLOGY, 0, 0-0 [10.1111/vde.13211].
Roccabianca P.; Dell'Aere S.; Avallone G.; Zamboni C.; Bertazzolo W.; Crippa L.; Giudice C.; Caniatti M.; Affolter V.K.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/964670
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