Fusarium head blight (FHB) of barley (Hordeum vulgare) causes yield losses and accumulation of trichothecene mycotoxins (e.g. deoxynivalenol [DON]) in grains. Glucosylation of DON to the nontoxic DON-3-O-glucoside (D3G) is catalyzed by UDP-glucosyltransferases (UGTs), such as barley UGT13248. We explored the natural diversity of UGT13248 in 496 barley accessions and showed that all carried potential functional alleles of UGT13248, as no genotypes showed strongly increased seedling sensitivity to DON. From a TILLING population, we identified 2 mutant alleles (T368I and H369Y) that, based on protein modeling, likely affect the UDP-glucose binding of UGT13248. In DON feeding experiments, DON-to-D3G conversion was strongly reduced in spikes of these mutants compared to controls, and plants overexpressing UGT13248 showed increased resistance to DON and increased DON-to-D3G conversion. Moreover, field-grown plants carrying the T368I or H369Y mutations inoculated with Fusarium graminearum showed increased FHB disease severity and reduced D3G production. Barley is generally considered to have type II resistance that limits the spread of F. graminearum from the infected spikelet to adjacent spikelets. Point inoculation experiments with F. graminearum showed increased infection spread in T368I and H369Y across the spike compared to wild type, while overexpression plants showed decreased spread of FHB symptoms. Confocal microscopy revealed that F. graminearum spread to distant rachis nodes in T368I and H369Y mutants but was arrested at the rachis node of the inoculated spikelet in wild-type plants. Taken together, our data reveal that UGT13248 confers type II resistance to FHB in barley via conjugation of DON to D3G.A barley UDP-glucosyltransferase glucosylates the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol and inhibits the spread of Fusarium graminearum within the spike.

UDP-glucosyltransferase HvUGT13248 confers type II resistance to Fusarium graminearum in barley / Bethke G.; Huang Y.; Hensel G.; Heinen S.; Liu C.; Wyant S.R.; Li X.; Quin M.B.; McCormick S.; Morrell P.L.; Dong Y.; Kumlehn J.; Salvi S.; Berthiller F.; Muehlbauer G.J.. - In: PLANT PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0032-0889. - STAMPA. - 193:4(2023), pp. 2691-2710. [10.1093/plphys/kiad467]

UDP-glucosyltransferase HvUGT13248 confers type II resistance to Fusarium graminearum in barley

Salvi S.
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;
2023

Abstract

Fusarium head blight (FHB) of barley (Hordeum vulgare) causes yield losses and accumulation of trichothecene mycotoxins (e.g. deoxynivalenol [DON]) in grains. Glucosylation of DON to the nontoxic DON-3-O-glucoside (D3G) is catalyzed by UDP-glucosyltransferases (UGTs), such as barley UGT13248. We explored the natural diversity of UGT13248 in 496 barley accessions and showed that all carried potential functional alleles of UGT13248, as no genotypes showed strongly increased seedling sensitivity to DON. From a TILLING population, we identified 2 mutant alleles (T368I and H369Y) that, based on protein modeling, likely affect the UDP-glucose binding of UGT13248. In DON feeding experiments, DON-to-D3G conversion was strongly reduced in spikes of these mutants compared to controls, and plants overexpressing UGT13248 showed increased resistance to DON and increased DON-to-D3G conversion. Moreover, field-grown plants carrying the T368I or H369Y mutations inoculated with Fusarium graminearum showed increased FHB disease severity and reduced D3G production. Barley is generally considered to have type II resistance that limits the spread of F. graminearum from the infected spikelet to adjacent spikelets. Point inoculation experiments with F. graminearum showed increased infection spread in T368I and H369Y across the spike compared to wild type, while overexpression plants showed decreased spread of FHB symptoms. Confocal microscopy revealed that F. graminearum spread to distant rachis nodes in T368I and H369Y mutants but was arrested at the rachis node of the inoculated spikelet in wild-type plants. Taken together, our data reveal that UGT13248 confers type II resistance to FHB in barley via conjugation of DON to D3G.A barley UDP-glucosyltransferase glucosylates the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol and inhibits the spread of Fusarium graminearum within the spike.
2023
UDP-glucosyltransferase HvUGT13248 confers type II resistance to Fusarium graminearum in barley / Bethke G.; Huang Y.; Hensel G.; Heinen S.; Liu C.; Wyant S.R.; Li X.; Quin M.B.; McCormick S.; Morrell P.L.; Dong Y.; Kumlehn J.; Salvi S.; Berthiller F.; Muehlbauer G.J.. - In: PLANT PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0032-0889. - STAMPA. - 193:4(2023), pp. 2691-2710. [10.1093/plphys/kiad467]
Bethke G.; Huang Y.; Hensel G.; Heinen S.; Liu C.; Wyant S.R.; Li X.; Quin M.B.; McCormick S.; Morrell P.L.; Dong Y.; Kumlehn J.; Salvi S.; Berthiller F.; Muehlbauer G.J.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/964325
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