Despite increasing interest, a lack of comprehensive knowledge regarding the efficient design and imple- mentation of carbon farming schemes remains. These schemes must efficiently achieve higher carbon seques- tration, incentivize farmers, and increase farmers’ participation in global carbon markets. Our study systematically reviews, describes, and maps available evidence related to carbon farming contracts to assess different incentive mechanisms for carbon farming. We conduct a systematic mapping review of articles extracted from various databases employing the Collaboration for Environmental Evidence method. We shortlist 52 articles and analyze about 40 global case studies, identifying three main incentive mechanisms of carbon farming contracts, namely, result-based, action-based, and hybrid payments. We examine how these incentive mechanisms are designed, in addition to associated payment types, monitoring approaches, and barriers to implementation. Result-based payments include stringent monitoring and can be implemented through auctions, carbon credits, product labels or certificates. Action-based payments are found to be simpler, with lower monitoring requirements for farmers and can be paid upfront or after contract implementation. Hybrid payments combine both techniques, offering low-risk and guaranteed payments for farmers and definite environmental mitigation impacts. Result-based and hybrid payments motivate farmers to innovate to meet environmental objectives while also connecting them to carbon markets. The major challenges to developing a successful carbon farming project include lack of permanence, non-additionality, and the absence of stringent monitoring, reporting, and verification standards, all of which affect farmers’ incentives. This study determines that carbon farming contract design and efficiency can be improved by analyzing the lessons learned from previous expe- riences. By examining and improving the attributes that define different incentive mechanisms, farmers can be better motivated to enroll in carbon farming schemes and benefit from increased access to carbon markets to potentially transform agriculture into a viable tool for climate action.

Raina, N., Zavalloni, M., Viaggi, D. (2024). Incentive mechanisms of carbon farming contracts: A systematic mapping study. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, 352, 1-15 [10.1016/j.jenvman.2024.120126].

Incentive mechanisms of carbon farming contracts: A systematic mapping study

Raina, Nidhi
Primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Zavalloni, Matteo
Secondo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Viaggi, Davide
Ultimo
Supervision
2024

Abstract

Despite increasing interest, a lack of comprehensive knowledge regarding the efficient design and imple- mentation of carbon farming schemes remains. These schemes must efficiently achieve higher carbon seques- tration, incentivize farmers, and increase farmers’ participation in global carbon markets. Our study systematically reviews, describes, and maps available evidence related to carbon farming contracts to assess different incentive mechanisms for carbon farming. We conduct a systematic mapping review of articles extracted from various databases employing the Collaboration for Environmental Evidence method. We shortlist 52 articles and analyze about 40 global case studies, identifying three main incentive mechanisms of carbon farming contracts, namely, result-based, action-based, and hybrid payments. We examine how these incentive mechanisms are designed, in addition to associated payment types, monitoring approaches, and barriers to implementation. Result-based payments include stringent monitoring and can be implemented through auctions, carbon credits, product labels or certificates. Action-based payments are found to be simpler, with lower monitoring requirements for farmers and can be paid upfront or after contract implementation. Hybrid payments combine both techniques, offering low-risk and guaranteed payments for farmers and definite environmental mitigation impacts. Result-based and hybrid payments motivate farmers to innovate to meet environmental objectives while also connecting them to carbon markets. The major challenges to developing a successful carbon farming project include lack of permanence, non-additionality, and the absence of stringent monitoring, reporting, and verification standards, all of which affect farmers’ incentives. This study determines that carbon farming contract design and efficiency can be improved by analyzing the lessons learned from previous expe- riences. By examining and improving the attributes that define different incentive mechanisms, farmers can be better motivated to enroll in carbon farming schemes and benefit from increased access to carbon markets to potentially transform agriculture into a viable tool for climate action.
2024
Raina, N., Zavalloni, M., Viaggi, D. (2024). Incentive mechanisms of carbon farming contracts: A systematic mapping study. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, 352, 1-15 [10.1016/j.jenvman.2024.120126].
Raina, Nidhi; Zavalloni, Matteo; Viaggi, Davide
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/963616
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