Objective: The facial sinus is a recess of the lateral retrotympanum located between the chorda tympani (ChT) and facial nerve (FN). Chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma often spreads from the pars flaccida to the facial sinus (FS). In stapedotomy, if an unfavorable ChT type is encountered, there is a need for removal of bone between the ChT and FN. The aim of the study was to assess FSs in adults and children according to Alicandri-Ciufelli classification, to measure FS width and depth in computed tomography scans, evaluate the correlation between measurements and different types of facial sinuses, and provide a clinical context of these findings. Methods: Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) of 130 adults and High Resolution Computed Tomography of 140 children were reviewed. The type of facial sinus was assessed according to Alicardi-Ciufelli's classification in different age groups. Width of entrance to facial sinus (FSW) and depth of FS (FSD) were evaluated among age groups. Results: Type A of FS is dominant in both adult and children populations included in the study. The average depth of FS was 2.31±1.43 mm and 2.01±0.90 in children and adults respectively. The width of FS was 3.99±0.69 and 3.39±0.98 in children and adults respectively. The depth of FS (FSD) presented significant deviations (ANOVA, p<0.05) among all three types and age groups. In 116/540 (21.5%) cases the value of FSD was below 1 mm. Conclusion: The qualitative classification of facial sinuses into types A, B and C, introduced by Alicandri-Ciufelli and al. is justified by statistically significant differences of depth between individual types of tympanic sinuses. Type A sinuses may be extremely shallow (<1 mm - As) or normal (>1 mm - An). Preoperative assessment of CT scans of the temporal bones gives crucial information about type and size of facial sinus. It may increase the safety of surgeries in this area and play a role in choosing an optimal approach and surgical tools.

Radiologic evaluation and clinical assessment of facial sinus in adults and children – computed tomography study / Wojciechowski T.; Skadorwa T.; Fermi M.; Szopinski K.. - In: AURIS, NASUS, LARYNX. - ISSN 0385-8146. - STAMPA. - 51:1(2024), pp. 189-197. [10.1016/j.anl.2023.06.003]

Radiologic evaluation and clinical assessment of facial sinus in adults and children – computed tomography study

Fermi M.;
2024

Abstract

Objective: The facial sinus is a recess of the lateral retrotympanum located between the chorda tympani (ChT) and facial nerve (FN). Chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma often spreads from the pars flaccida to the facial sinus (FS). In stapedotomy, if an unfavorable ChT type is encountered, there is a need for removal of bone between the ChT and FN. The aim of the study was to assess FSs in adults and children according to Alicandri-Ciufelli classification, to measure FS width and depth in computed tomography scans, evaluate the correlation between measurements and different types of facial sinuses, and provide a clinical context of these findings. Methods: Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) of 130 adults and High Resolution Computed Tomography of 140 children were reviewed. The type of facial sinus was assessed according to Alicardi-Ciufelli's classification in different age groups. Width of entrance to facial sinus (FSW) and depth of FS (FSD) were evaluated among age groups. Results: Type A of FS is dominant in both adult and children populations included in the study. The average depth of FS was 2.31±1.43 mm and 2.01±0.90 in children and adults respectively. The width of FS was 3.99±0.69 and 3.39±0.98 in children and adults respectively. The depth of FS (FSD) presented significant deviations (ANOVA, p<0.05) among all three types and age groups. In 116/540 (21.5%) cases the value of FSD was below 1 mm. Conclusion: The qualitative classification of facial sinuses into types A, B and C, introduced by Alicandri-Ciufelli and al. is justified by statistically significant differences of depth between individual types of tympanic sinuses. Type A sinuses may be extremely shallow (<1 mm - As) or normal (>1 mm - An). Preoperative assessment of CT scans of the temporal bones gives crucial information about type and size of facial sinus. It may increase the safety of surgeries in this area and play a role in choosing an optimal approach and surgical tools.
2024
Radiologic evaluation and clinical assessment of facial sinus in adults and children – computed tomography study / Wojciechowski T.; Skadorwa T.; Fermi M.; Szopinski K.. - In: AURIS, NASUS, LARYNX. - ISSN 0385-8146. - STAMPA. - 51:1(2024), pp. 189-197. [10.1016/j.anl.2023.06.003]
Wojciechowski T.; Skadorwa T.; Fermi M.; Szopinski K.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/963520
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