The combined use of sensing and actuating systems enables the development of intelligent structures, which can respond in a predetermined manner to changes in the environment or in the structural conditions. In this work, small-scale smart reinforced concrete beams with fibre Bragg grating (FBG) sensors and shape memory alloy (SMA) actuators are designed and tested. SMA wires placed within sleeves are added to the traditional steel reinforcement. The recovery stress developed in the SMA on heating provides the smart beam with a temporary restoring force, which decreases the residual midspan displacement and crack width. As the recovery stress relaxes on cooling of the SMA wires, the proposed method is effective to provide a temporary beam repair, while a long-term strengthening could be achieved by combining the SMA effect of crack closure with other techniques, such as carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) plating or resin injection. FBG sensors are used to monitor the deformation in the SMA wires and to determine the beam critical conditions. The effectiveness of both the sensing and the actuating methods is experimentally demonstrated, while the different factors influencing the amount of repair provided by the SMA actuators still need to be investigated.

Combined use of FBG sensors and SMA actuators for concrete beams repair

DAGHIA, FEDERICA;PASCALE GUIDOTTI MAGNANI, GIOVANNI
2011

Abstract

The combined use of sensing and actuating systems enables the development of intelligent structures, which can respond in a predetermined manner to changes in the environment or in the structural conditions. In this work, small-scale smart reinforced concrete beams with fibre Bragg grating (FBG) sensors and shape memory alloy (SMA) actuators are designed and tested. SMA wires placed within sleeves are added to the traditional steel reinforcement. The recovery stress developed in the SMA on heating provides the smart beam with a temporary restoring force, which decreases the residual midspan displacement and crack width. As the recovery stress relaxes on cooling of the SMA wires, the proposed method is effective to provide a temporary beam repair, while a long-term strengthening could be achieved by combining the SMA effect of crack closure with other techniques, such as carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) plating or resin injection. FBG sensors are used to monitor the deformation in the SMA wires and to determine the beam critical conditions. The effectiveness of both the sensing and the actuating methods is experimentally demonstrated, while the different factors influencing the amount of repair provided by the SMA actuators still need to be investigated.
Daghia F.; Giammarruto A.; Pascale G.
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/96314
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact