Zhang et al. reported the impact of different risk factors and comorbidities in COVID-19 lethality. The authors observed that the odds of dying by COVID-19 in cancer patients decrease with age and cancer becomes a non-significant factor above 80 years. We speculate on the possible causes for the different COVID-19 severity between elderly and young patients. Several factors that can have a different impact on young and elderly have to be taken into account such as inflammation, microbiota and anti-cancer therapies. Inflammaging is a complex process that characterizes elderly people and it is believed to contribute to the severity of COVID-19 associated with old age. Cancer and related therapies may alter the process of inflammaging both quantitatively and qualitatively and could impact on COVID-19 severity. Moreover, therapies used in elderly cancer patients are usually different from that used for young people where the presence of comorbidities and the mechanisms of action of the different drugs both on the susceptibility genes and on other factors have to be considered. Sex hormones and anti-estrogen therapies affect significantly gene expression in target cells thereby modulating the susceptibility of the tissues to SARS-CoV-2 infection and as a consequence the extent of the symptoms. The concentration of sex hormones varies with aging and among sexes. Interestingly, recent evidences, further corroborate the hypothesis that also sex hormones or anti-estrogen therapies impact the susceptibility to COVID-19 and its severity.

Why the complications of COVID-19 patients differ in elderly and young cancer patients / Bravaccini, Sara; Nicolini, Fabio; Zanoni, Michele; Gaimari, Anna; Cerchione, Claudio; Maltoni, Roberta; Pirini, Francesca; Mazzotti, Lucia; Cortesi, Michela; Ravaioli, Sara; Tumedei, Maria Maddalena; Mazza, Massimiliano. - In: TRANSLATIONAL ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 1936-5233. - ELETTRONICO. - 26:(2022), pp. 101541.1-101541.2. [10.1016/j.tranon.2022.101541]

Why the complications of COVID-19 patients differ in elderly and young cancer patients

Bravaccini, Sara;Gaimari, Anna;Pirini, Francesca;Mazzotti, Lucia;Tumedei, Maria Maddalena;
2022

Abstract

Zhang et al. reported the impact of different risk factors and comorbidities in COVID-19 lethality. The authors observed that the odds of dying by COVID-19 in cancer patients decrease with age and cancer becomes a non-significant factor above 80 years. We speculate on the possible causes for the different COVID-19 severity between elderly and young patients. Several factors that can have a different impact on young and elderly have to be taken into account such as inflammation, microbiota and anti-cancer therapies. Inflammaging is a complex process that characterizes elderly people and it is believed to contribute to the severity of COVID-19 associated with old age. Cancer and related therapies may alter the process of inflammaging both quantitatively and qualitatively and could impact on COVID-19 severity. Moreover, therapies used in elderly cancer patients are usually different from that used for young people where the presence of comorbidities and the mechanisms of action of the different drugs both on the susceptibility genes and on other factors have to be considered. Sex hormones and anti-estrogen therapies affect significantly gene expression in target cells thereby modulating the susceptibility of the tissues to SARS-CoV-2 infection and as a consequence the extent of the symptoms. The concentration of sex hormones varies with aging and among sexes. Interestingly, recent evidences, further corroborate the hypothesis that also sex hormones or anti-estrogen therapies impact the susceptibility to COVID-19 and its severity.
2022
Why the complications of COVID-19 patients differ in elderly and young cancer patients / Bravaccini, Sara; Nicolini, Fabio; Zanoni, Michele; Gaimari, Anna; Cerchione, Claudio; Maltoni, Roberta; Pirini, Francesca; Mazzotti, Lucia; Cortesi, Michela; Ravaioli, Sara; Tumedei, Maria Maddalena; Mazza, Massimiliano. - In: TRANSLATIONAL ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 1936-5233. - ELETTRONICO. - 26:(2022), pp. 101541.1-101541.2. [10.1016/j.tranon.2022.101541]
Bravaccini, Sara; Nicolini, Fabio; Zanoni, Michele; Gaimari, Anna; Cerchione, Claudio; Maltoni, Roberta; Pirini, Francesca; Mazzotti, Lucia; Cortesi, Michela; Ravaioli, Sara; Tumedei, Maria Maddalena; Mazza, Massimiliano
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/962661
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