Multi-layer Ti3C2Tx coatings have demonstrated an outstanding wear performance with excellent durability due to beneficial tribo-layers formed. However, the involved formation processes dependent on the tribological conditions and coating thickness are yet to be fully explored. Therefore, we spray-coated Ti3C2Tx multi-layer particles onto stainless steel substrates to create coatings with two different thicknesses and tested their solid lubrication performance with different normal loads (100 and 200 mN) and sliding frequencies (1 and 2.4 Hz) using linear-reciprocating ball-on-disk tribometry. We demonstrate that MXenes' tribological performance depends on their initial state (delaminated few-layer vs. multi-layer particles), coating thickness, applied load and sliding frequency. Specifically, the best behavior is observed for thinner multi-layer coatings tested at the lower frequency. In contrast, coatings made of delaminated few-layer MXene are not as effective as their multi-layer counterparts. Our high-resolution interface characterization by transmission electron microscopy revealed unambiguous differences regarding the uniformity and chemistry of the formed tribo-layers as well as the degree of tribo-induced MXenes' exfoliation. Atomistic insights into the exfoliation process and molecular dynamic simulations quantitatively backed up our experimental results regarding coating thickness and velocity dependency. This ultimately demonstrates that MXenes' tribological performance is governed by the underlying tribochemistry and their exfoliation ability during rubbing.

Solid-lubrication performance of Ti3C2T - Effect of tribo-chemistry and exfoliation / Rosenkranz, Andreas; Wang, Bo; Zambrano, Dario; Marqués Henríquez, Javier; Aguilar-Hurtado, Jose Y.; Marquis, Edoardo; Restuccia, Paolo; Wyatt, Brian C.; Righi, Maria Clelia; Anasori, Babak. - In: MATERIALS TODAY NANO. - ISSN 2588-8420. - ELETTRONICO. - 25:(2024), pp. 100464.1-100464.10. [10.1016/j.mtnano.2024.100464]

Solid-lubrication performance of Ti3C2T - Effect of tribo-chemistry and exfoliation

Marquis, Edoardo;Restuccia, Paolo;Righi, Maria Clelia;
2024

Abstract

Multi-layer Ti3C2Tx coatings have demonstrated an outstanding wear performance with excellent durability due to beneficial tribo-layers formed. However, the involved formation processes dependent on the tribological conditions and coating thickness are yet to be fully explored. Therefore, we spray-coated Ti3C2Tx multi-layer particles onto stainless steel substrates to create coatings with two different thicknesses and tested their solid lubrication performance with different normal loads (100 and 200 mN) and sliding frequencies (1 and 2.4 Hz) using linear-reciprocating ball-on-disk tribometry. We demonstrate that MXenes' tribological performance depends on their initial state (delaminated few-layer vs. multi-layer particles), coating thickness, applied load and sliding frequency. Specifically, the best behavior is observed for thinner multi-layer coatings tested at the lower frequency. In contrast, coatings made of delaminated few-layer MXene are not as effective as their multi-layer counterparts. Our high-resolution interface characterization by transmission electron microscopy revealed unambiguous differences regarding the uniformity and chemistry of the formed tribo-layers as well as the degree of tribo-induced MXenes' exfoliation. Atomistic insights into the exfoliation process and molecular dynamic simulations quantitatively backed up our experimental results regarding coating thickness and velocity dependency. This ultimately demonstrates that MXenes' tribological performance is governed by the underlying tribochemistry and their exfoliation ability during rubbing.
2024
Solid-lubrication performance of Ti3C2T - Effect of tribo-chemistry and exfoliation / Rosenkranz, Andreas; Wang, Bo; Zambrano, Dario; Marqués Henríquez, Javier; Aguilar-Hurtado, Jose Y.; Marquis, Edoardo; Restuccia, Paolo; Wyatt, Brian C.; Righi, Maria Clelia; Anasori, Babak. - In: MATERIALS TODAY NANO. - ISSN 2588-8420. - ELETTRONICO. - 25:(2024), pp. 100464.1-100464.10. [10.1016/j.mtnano.2024.100464]
Rosenkranz, Andreas; Wang, Bo; Zambrano, Dario; Marqués Henríquez, Javier; Aguilar-Hurtado, Jose Y.; Marquis, Edoardo; Restuccia, Paolo; Wyatt, Brian C.; Righi, Maria Clelia; Anasori, Babak
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/962479
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