Clinical interviewing is the basic method to understand how a person feels and what are the presenting complaints, obtain medical history, evaluate personal attitudes and behavior related to health and disease, give the patient information about diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment, and establish a bond between patient and physician that is crucial for shared decision making and self-management. However, the value of this basic skill is threatened by time pressures and emphasis on technology. Current health care trends privilege expensive tests and procedures and tag the time devoted to interaction with the patient as lacking cost-effectiveness. Instead, the time spent to inquire about problems and life setting may actually help to avoid further testing, procedures, and referrals. Moreover, the dialogue between patient and physician is an essential instrument to increase patient’s motivation to engage in healthy behavior. The aim of this paper was to provide an overview of clinical interviewing and its optimal use in relation to style, flow and hypothesis testing, clinical domains, modifications according to settings and goals, and teaching. This review points to the primacy of interviewing in the clinical process. The quality of interviewing determines the quality of data that are collected and, eventually, of assessment and treatment. Thus, interviewing deserves more attention in educational training and more space in clinical encounters than it is currently receiving.

Clinical Interviewing: An Essential but Neglected Method of Medicine / Fava, Giovanni A.; Sonino, Nicoletta; Aron, David C.; Balon, Richard; Berrocal Montiel, Carmen; Cao, Jianxin; Concato, John; Eory, Ajandek; Horwitz, Ralph I.; Rafanelli, Chiara; Schnyder, Ulrich; Wang, Hongxing; Wise, Thomas N.; Wright, Jesse H.; Zipfel, Stephan; Patierno, Chiara. - In: PSYCHOTHERAPY AND PSYCHOSOMATICS. - ISSN 0033-3190. - STAMPA. - 93:2(2024), pp. 94-99. [10.1159/000536490]

Clinical Interviewing: An Essential but Neglected Method of Medicine

Fava, Giovanni A.
;
Rafanelli, Chiara;
2024

Abstract

Clinical interviewing is the basic method to understand how a person feels and what are the presenting complaints, obtain medical history, evaluate personal attitudes and behavior related to health and disease, give the patient information about diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment, and establish a bond between patient and physician that is crucial for shared decision making and self-management. However, the value of this basic skill is threatened by time pressures and emphasis on technology. Current health care trends privilege expensive tests and procedures and tag the time devoted to interaction with the patient as lacking cost-effectiveness. Instead, the time spent to inquire about problems and life setting may actually help to avoid further testing, procedures, and referrals. Moreover, the dialogue between patient and physician is an essential instrument to increase patient’s motivation to engage in healthy behavior. The aim of this paper was to provide an overview of clinical interviewing and its optimal use in relation to style, flow and hypothesis testing, clinical domains, modifications according to settings and goals, and teaching. This review points to the primacy of interviewing in the clinical process. The quality of interviewing determines the quality of data that are collected and, eventually, of assessment and treatment. Thus, interviewing deserves more attention in educational training and more space in clinical encounters than it is currently receiving.
2024
Clinical Interviewing: An Essential but Neglected Method of Medicine / Fava, Giovanni A.; Sonino, Nicoletta; Aron, David C.; Balon, Richard; Berrocal Montiel, Carmen; Cao, Jianxin; Concato, John; Eory, Ajandek; Horwitz, Ralph I.; Rafanelli, Chiara; Schnyder, Ulrich; Wang, Hongxing; Wise, Thomas N.; Wright, Jesse H.; Zipfel, Stephan; Patierno, Chiara. - In: PSYCHOTHERAPY AND PSYCHOSOMATICS. - ISSN 0033-3190. - STAMPA. - 93:2(2024), pp. 94-99. [10.1159/000536490]
Fava, Giovanni A.; Sonino, Nicoletta; Aron, David C.; Balon, Richard; Berrocal Montiel, Carmen; Cao, Jianxin; Concato, John; Eory, Ajandek; Horwitz, Ralph I.; Rafanelli, Chiara; Schnyder, Ulrich; Wang, Hongxing; Wise, Thomas N.; Wright, Jesse H.; Zipfel, Stephan; Patierno, Chiara
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/962328
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