Earth's atmosphere, whose ionization stability plays a fundamental role for the evolution and endurance of life, is exposed to the effect of cosmic explosions producing high energy Gamma-ray-bursts. Being able to abruptly increase the atmospheric ionization, they might deplete stratospheric ozone on a global scale. During the last decades, an average of more than one Gamma-ray-burst per day were recorded. Nevertheless, measurable effects on the ionosphere were rarely observed, in any case on its bottom-side (from about 60 km up to about 350 km of altitude). Here, we report evidence of an intense top-side (about 500 km) ionospheric perturbation induced by significant sudden ionospheric disturbance, and a large variation of the ionospheric electric field at 500 km, which are both correlated with the October 9, 2022 Gamma-ray-burst (GRB221009A).Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are known to have impact on Earth's lower ionosphere, but GRB impacts on the upper ionosphere was not observed before. Here, the authors show strong electric field variation at 500 km in the ionosphere caused by GRB221009A.

Piersanti, M., Ubertini, P., Battiston, R., Bazzano, A., D’Angelo, G., Rodi, J.G., et al. (2023). Evidence of an upper ionospheric electric field perturbation correlated with a gamma ray burst. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 14(1), 1-10 [10.1038/s41467-023-42551-5].

Evidence of an upper ionospheric electric field perturbation correlated with a gamma ray burst

Contin, Andrea;Palmonari, Federico;Pozzato, Michele;Ricci, Ester;Sotgiu, Alessandro;Vitale, Vincenzo;
2023

Abstract

Earth's atmosphere, whose ionization stability plays a fundamental role for the evolution and endurance of life, is exposed to the effect of cosmic explosions producing high energy Gamma-ray-bursts. Being able to abruptly increase the atmospheric ionization, they might deplete stratospheric ozone on a global scale. During the last decades, an average of more than one Gamma-ray-burst per day were recorded. Nevertheless, measurable effects on the ionosphere were rarely observed, in any case on its bottom-side (from about 60 km up to about 350 km of altitude). Here, we report evidence of an intense top-side (about 500 km) ionospheric perturbation induced by significant sudden ionospheric disturbance, and a large variation of the ionospheric electric field at 500 km, which are both correlated with the October 9, 2022 Gamma-ray-burst (GRB221009A).Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are known to have impact on Earth's lower ionosphere, but GRB impacts on the upper ionosphere was not observed before. Here, the authors show strong electric field variation at 500 km in the ionosphere caused by GRB221009A.
2023
Piersanti, M., Ubertini, P., Battiston, R., Bazzano, A., D’Angelo, G., Rodi, J.G., et al. (2023). Evidence of an upper ionospheric electric field perturbation correlated with a gamma ray burst. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 14(1), 1-10 [10.1038/s41467-023-42551-5].
Piersanti, Mirko; Ubertini, Pietro; Battiston, Roberto; Bazzano, Angela; D’Angelo, Giulia; Rodi, James G.; Diego, Piero; Zeren, Zhima; Ammendola, Robe...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/962095
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