AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of levothyroxine therapy in benign thyroid nodules in pediatrics. METHODS: Data from 78 euthyroid children and adolescents with benign thyroid nodules were retrospectively collected. Subjects were divided into 2 groups: levothyroxine treated (n = 36) and nontreated (n = 42), and the clinical, laboratory and sonographic features of the 2 groups were compared. Nodules were considered benign according to histology, fine-needle aspiration biopsy or by features suggestive for benignity. The groups were followed up for 2.4 ± 1.3 years, and treated patients received a mean dose of levothyroxine of 1.69 ± 0.66 μg/kg/day. RESULTS: Patients in the treated and nontreated groups were comparable for age, sex and follow-up. A reduction in nodule diameter from 2.24 ± 0.94 to 1.86 ± 1.17 cm (p = 0.039) was observed in treated patients, whereas the nodule diameter increased from 1.66 ± 0.86 to 1.78 ± 0.91 cm in nontreated patients (p = 0.024). In the treatment group, 11 patients (30.6%) had a reduction greater than 50% and significantly decreased palpable nodules (p < 0.001). A nonsignificant reduction in reported symptoms was observed, too. The change in nodule size was directly correlated with thyroid-stimulating hormone levels (r = 0.640, p < 0.001) and inversely with levothyroxine dose (r = -0.389, p = 0.009). In nontreated subjects, both palpable nodules and symptoms increased. CONCLUSION: This study supports levothyroxine treatment effectiveness in shrinking benign nodules.

Levothyroxine treatment in pediatric benign thyroid nodules

CASSIO, ALESSANDRA;BAL, MILVA ORQUIDEA;
2011

Abstract

AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of levothyroxine therapy in benign thyroid nodules in pediatrics. METHODS: Data from 78 euthyroid children and adolescents with benign thyroid nodules were retrospectively collected. Subjects were divided into 2 groups: levothyroxine treated (n = 36) and nontreated (n = 42), and the clinical, laboratory and sonographic features of the 2 groups were compared. Nodules were considered benign according to histology, fine-needle aspiration biopsy or by features suggestive for benignity. The groups were followed up for 2.4 ± 1.3 years, and treated patients received a mean dose of levothyroxine of 1.69 ± 0.66 μg/kg/day. RESULTS: Patients in the treated and nontreated groups were comparable for age, sex and follow-up. A reduction in nodule diameter from 2.24 ± 0.94 to 1.86 ± 1.17 cm (p = 0.039) was observed in treated patients, whereas the nodule diameter increased from 1.66 ± 0.86 to 1.78 ± 0.91 cm in nontreated patients (p = 0.024). In the treatment group, 11 patients (30.6%) had a reduction greater than 50% and significantly decreased palpable nodules (p < 0.001). A nonsignificant reduction in reported symptoms was observed, too. The change in nodule size was directly correlated with thyroid-stimulating hormone levels (r = 0.640, p < 0.001) and inversely with levothyroxine dose (r = -0.389, p = 0.009). In nontreated subjects, both palpable nodules and symptoms increased. CONCLUSION: This study supports levothyroxine treatment effectiveness in shrinking benign nodules.
A.Corrias; a.Mussa; M.Wasniewska;M.Segni; A.Cassio;M.Salerno;R.Gastaldi;M.C.Vigone; M.Bal;P.Matarazzo;G.Weber;F.De Luca
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/96071
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