Kidney transplantation is a lifesaving procedure for patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Organs derived from donation after cardiac death (DCD) are constantly increasing; however, DCD often leads to ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) and Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) events. These phenomena increase kidney cell turnover to replace damaged cells, which are voided in urine. Urine-derived renal epithelial cells (URECs) are rarely present in the urine of healthy subjects, and their loss has been associated with several kidney disorders. The present study aimed to characterize the phenotype and potential applications of URECs voided after transplant. The results indicate that URECs are highly proliferating cells, expressing several kidney markers, including markers of kidney epithelial progenitor cells. Since the regulation of the immune response is crucial in organ transplantation and new immunoregulatory strategies are needed, UREC immunomodulatory properties were investigated. Co-culture with peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) revealed that URECs reduced PBMC apoptosis, inhibited lymphocyte proliferation, increased T regulatory (Treg) cells and reduced T helper 1 (Th1) cells. URECs from transplanted patients represent a promising cell source for the investigation of regenerative processes occurring in kidneys, and for cell-therapy applications based on the regulation of the immune response.

Urine-Derived Renal Epithelial Cells (URECs) from Transplanted Kidneys as a Promising Immunomodulatory Cell Population / Pizzuti V.; Donadei C.; Balducelli E.; Conte D.; Gessaroli E.; Paris F.; Bini C.; Demetri M.; Di Nunzio M.; Corradetti V.; Alviano F.; La Manna G.; Comai G.. - In: CELLS. - ISSN 2073-4409. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:12(2023), pp. 1630.1-1630.15. [10.3390/cells12121630]

Urine-Derived Renal Epithelial Cells (URECs) from Transplanted Kidneys as a Promising Immunomodulatory Cell Population

Pizzuti V.;Donadei C.;Balducelli E.;Conte D.;Gessaroli E.;Bini C.;Demetri M.;Di Nunzio M.;Corradetti V.;Alviano F.;La Manna G.
;
Comai G.
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Kidney transplantation is a lifesaving procedure for patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Organs derived from donation after cardiac death (DCD) are constantly increasing; however, DCD often leads to ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) and Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) events. These phenomena increase kidney cell turnover to replace damaged cells, which are voided in urine. Urine-derived renal epithelial cells (URECs) are rarely present in the urine of healthy subjects, and their loss has been associated with several kidney disorders. The present study aimed to characterize the phenotype and potential applications of URECs voided after transplant. The results indicate that URECs are highly proliferating cells, expressing several kidney markers, including markers of kidney epithelial progenitor cells. Since the regulation of the immune response is crucial in organ transplantation and new immunoregulatory strategies are needed, UREC immunomodulatory properties were investigated. Co-culture with peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) revealed that URECs reduced PBMC apoptosis, inhibited lymphocyte proliferation, increased T regulatory (Treg) cells and reduced T helper 1 (Th1) cells. URECs from transplanted patients represent a promising cell source for the investigation of regenerative processes occurring in kidneys, and for cell-therapy applications based on the regulation of the immune response.
2023
Urine-Derived Renal Epithelial Cells (URECs) from Transplanted Kidneys as a Promising Immunomodulatory Cell Population / Pizzuti V.; Donadei C.; Balducelli E.; Conte D.; Gessaroli E.; Paris F.; Bini C.; Demetri M.; Di Nunzio M.; Corradetti V.; Alviano F.; La Manna G.; Comai G.. - In: CELLS. - ISSN 2073-4409. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:12(2023), pp. 1630.1-1630.15. [10.3390/cells12121630]
Pizzuti V.; Donadei C.; Balducelli E.; Conte D.; Gessaroli E.; Paris F.; Bini C.; Demetri M.; Di Nunzio M.; Corradetti V.; Alviano F.; La Manna G.; Comai G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/960207
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