Placenta mediates the transfer of nutrients, oxygen and drugs from mother to fetus. It is constituted by two cellular layers separated by the intervillous space: the outer is in direct contact with maternal blood (decidua placenta), and the inner (villi) directly in contact with the fetus. Environmental contaminants, such as per-and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) also demonstrated the ability to cross the tissue multiple layers, posing at risk the health of the fetus. The aim of the present study was to analyse the PFAS amount in decidua and villi placenta explants and to study differences in their distribution among the two side of this organ. The determination of 23 PFAS was carried out by liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution accurate mass spectrometry (LC-HRAM). Our research included women who delivered at term between 2021 and 2022. Our data indicated that all samples contained at least one PFAS, demonstrating the ubiquitarian presence of these compounds in our population. A high occurrence of PFOS, PFOA and PFHxS, followed by PFHxA, PFBS and PFUnA was found. The fluorotelomer 6:2 FTS was also present in more than 40% of samples and this represent the first data on placenta explants. Mean and median PFAS values for decidual explants were 0.5 ng/g and 0.4 ng/g (SD 0.3), while for villi explants mean and median values were 0.6 ng/g and 0.4 ng/g (SD 0.4). A different pattern of accumulation was observed between villi and decidual explants for PFOS, PFOA and PFUnA (villi > decidua) and PFHxA, PFHxS, PFBS and 6:2 FTS (decidua > villi). Even if the mechanism of this selectively accumuation is not yet understood, molecular degree of ionization and its lipophilicity could at least in part explain this difference. This study ex-pands the limited data describing PFAS levels in the placenta and pose attention on PFAS exposure during pregnancy.

Analysis and distribution of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in decidua and villi placenta explants

Pascali, Jennifer P;Seidenari, Anna;Fais, Paolo
2023

Abstract

Placenta mediates the transfer of nutrients, oxygen and drugs from mother to fetus. It is constituted by two cellular layers separated by the intervillous space: the outer is in direct contact with maternal blood (decidua placenta), and the inner (villi) directly in contact with the fetus. Environmental contaminants, such as per-and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) also demonstrated the ability to cross the tissue multiple layers, posing at risk the health of the fetus. The aim of the present study was to analyse the PFAS amount in decidua and villi placenta explants and to study differences in their distribution among the two side of this organ. The determination of 23 PFAS was carried out by liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution accurate mass spectrometry (LC-HRAM). Our research included women who delivered at term between 2021 and 2022. Our data indicated that all samples contained at least one PFAS, demonstrating the ubiquitarian presence of these compounds in our population. A high occurrence of PFOS, PFOA and PFHxS, followed by PFHxA, PFBS and PFUnA was found. The fluorotelomer 6:2 FTS was also present in more than 40% of samples and this represent the first data on placenta explants. Mean and median PFAS values for decidual explants were 0.5 ng/g and 0.4 ng/g (SD 0.3), while for villi explants mean and median values were 0.6 ng/g and 0.4 ng/g (SD 0.4). A different pattern of accumulation was observed between villi and decidual explants for PFOS, PFOA and PFUnA (villi > decidua) and PFHxA, PFHxS, PFBS and 6:2 FTS (decidua > villi). Even if the mechanism of this selectively accumuation is not yet understood, molecular degree of ionization and its lipophilicity could at least in part explain this difference. This study ex-pands the limited data describing PFAS levels in the placenta and pose attention on PFAS exposure during pregnancy.
2023
Pascali, Jennifer P; Piva, Elena; Bonasoni, Maria Paola; Migliavacca, Costanza; Seidenari, Anna; Fais, Paolo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/959366
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