Introduction: Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a pleiotropic molecule acting on different cell types in physiological and pathological conditions. However, the effect of NGF on the survival, differentiation and maturation of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) and oligodendrocytes (OLs), the cells responsible for myelin formation, turnover, and repair in the central nervous system (CNS), is still poorly understood and heavily debated. Methods: Here we used mixed neural stem cell (NSC)-derived OPC/astrocyte cultures to clarify the role of NGF throughout the entire process of OL differentiation and investigate its putative role in OPC protection under pathological conditions. Results: We first showed that the gene expression of all the neurotrophin receptors (TrkA, TrkB, TrkC, and p75(NTR)) dynamically changes during the differentiation. However, only TrkA and p75(NTR) expression depends on T3-differentiation induction, as Ngf gene expression induction and protein secretion in the culture medium. Moreover, in the mixed culture, astrocytes are the main producer of NGF protein, and OPCs express both TrkA and p75(NTR). NGF treatment increases the percentage of mature OLs, while NGF blocking by neutralizing antibody and TRKA antagonist impairs OPC differentiation. Moreover, both NGF exposure and astrocyte-conditioned medium protect OPCs exposed to oxygenglucose deprivation (OGD) from cell death and NGF induces an increase of AKT/pAKT levels in OPCs nuclei by TRKA activation. Discussion: This study demonstrated that NGF is implicated in OPC differentiation, maturation, and protection in the presence of metabolic challenges, also suggesting implications for the treatment of demyelinating lesions and diseases.

Nerve growth factor promotes differentiation and protects the oligodendrocyte precursor cells from in vitro hypoxia/ischemia / Baldassarro, Vito Antonio; Cescatti, Maura; Rocco, Maria Luisa; Aloe, Luigi; Lorenzini, Luca; Giardino, Luciana; Calza, Laura. - In: FRONTIERS IN NEUROSCIENCE. - ISSN 1662-4548. - ELETTRONICO. - 17:(2023), pp. 1111170.1-1111170.17. [10.3389/fnins.2023.1111170]

Nerve growth factor promotes differentiation and protects the oligodendrocyte precursor cells from in vitro hypoxia/ischemia

Baldassarro, Vito Antonio
Primo
;
Cescatti, Maura;Rocco, Maria Luisa;Lorenzini, Luca;Giardino, Luciana;Calza, Laura
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Introduction: Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a pleiotropic molecule acting on different cell types in physiological and pathological conditions. However, the effect of NGF on the survival, differentiation and maturation of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) and oligodendrocytes (OLs), the cells responsible for myelin formation, turnover, and repair in the central nervous system (CNS), is still poorly understood and heavily debated. Methods: Here we used mixed neural stem cell (NSC)-derived OPC/astrocyte cultures to clarify the role of NGF throughout the entire process of OL differentiation and investigate its putative role in OPC protection under pathological conditions. Results: We first showed that the gene expression of all the neurotrophin receptors (TrkA, TrkB, TrkC, and p75(NTR)) dynamically changes during the differentiation. However, only TrkA and p75(NTR) expression depends on T3-differentiation induction, as Ngf gene expression induction and protein secretion in the culture medium. Moreover, in the mixed culture, astrocytes are the main producer of NGF protein, and OPCs express both TrkA and p75(NTR). NGF treatment increases the percentage of mature OLs, while NGF blocking by neutralizing antibody and TRKA antagonist impairs OPC differentiation. Moreover, both NGF exposure and astrocyte-conditioned medium protect OPCs exposed to oxygenglucose deprivation (OGD) from cell death and NGF induces an increase of AKT/pAKT levels in OPCs nuclei by TRKA activation. Discussion: This study demonstrated that NGF is implicated in OPC differentiation, maturation, and protection in the presence of metabolic challenges, also suggesting implications for the treatment of demyelinating lesions and diseases.
2023
Nerve growth factor promotes differentiation and protects the oligodendrocyte precursor cells from in vitro hypoxia/ischemia / Baldassarro, Vito Antonio; Cescatti, Maura; Rocco, Maria Luisa; Aloe, Luigi; Lorenzini, Luca; Giardino, Luciana; Calza, Laura. - In: FRONTIERS IN NEUROSCIENCE. - ISSN 1662-4548. - ELETTRONICO. - 17:(2023), pp. 1111170.1-1111170.17. [10.3389/fnins.2023.1111170]
Baldassarro, Vito Antonio; Cescatti, Maura; Rocco, Maria Luisa; Aloe, Luigi; Lorenzini, Luca; Giardino, Luciana; Calza, Laura
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/959331
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