The need to reduce the use of antibiotics and zinc oxide at the pharmacological level, while preserving the performance of postweaning piglets, involves finding adequate nutritional strategies which, coupled with other preventive strategies, act to improve the sustainability of the piglet-rearing system. Amino acids (AAs) are the building blocks of proteins; however, they also have many other functions within the body. AA supplementation, above the suggested nutritional requirement for piglets, has been investigated in the diets of postweaning piglets to limit the detrimental consequences occurring during this stressful period. A systematic review was carried out to summarise the effects of AAs on gut barrier function and immunity, two of the parameters contributing to gut health. An initial manual literature search was completed using an organised search strategy on PubMed, utilising the search term '' AND ". These searches yielded 302 articles (published before October 2021); 59 were selected. Based on the method for extracting data (synthesis of evidence), this review showed that L-Arginine, L-Glutamine and L-Glutamate are important functional AAs playing major roles in gut morphology and immune functions. Additional benefits of AA supplementation, refereed to a supplementation above the suggested nutritional requirement for piglets, could also be observed; however, data are needed to provide consistent evidence. Taken together, this review showed that supplementation with AAs during the weaning phase supported a plethora of the physiological functions of piglets. In addition, the data reported confirmed that each amino acid targets different parameters related to gut health, suggesting the existence of potential synergies among them.

Review: A systematic review of the effects of functional amino acids on small intestine barrier function and immunity in piglets / Luise, D.; Chalvon-Demersay, T.; Correa, F.; Bosi, P.; Trevisi, P.. - In: ANIMAL. - ISSN 1751-7311. - ELETTRONICO. - 17:Supplement 2(2023), pp. 100771.1-100771.9. [10.1016/j.animal.2023.100771]

Review: A systematic review of the effects of functional amino acids on small intestine barrier function and immunity in piglets

Luise, D.
Primo
Formal Analysis
;
Correa, F.;Bosi, P.;Trevisi, P.
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

The need to reduce the use of antibiotics and zinc oxide at the pharmacological level, while preserving the performance of postweaning piglets, involves finding adequate nutritional strategies which, coupled with other preventive strategies, act to improve the sustainability of the piglet-rearing system. Amino acids (AAs) are the building blocks of proteins; however, they also have many other functions within the body. AA supplementation, above the suggested nutritional requirement for piglets, has been investigated in the diets of postweaning piglets to limit the detrimental consequences occurring during this stressful period. A systematic review was carried out to summarise the effects of AAs on gut barrier function and immunity, two of the parameters contributing to gut health. An initial manual literature search was completed using an organised search strategy on PubMed, utilising the search term '' AND ". These searches yielded 302 articles (published before October 2021); 59 were selected. Based on the method for extracting data (synthesis of evidence), this review showed that L-Arginine, L-Glutamine and L-Glutamate are important functional AAs playing major roles in gut morphology and immune functions. Additional benefits of AA supplementation, refereed to a supplementation above the suggested nutritional requirement for piglets, could also be observed; however, data are needed to provide consistent evidence. Taken together, this review showed that supplementation with AAs during the weaning phase supported a plethora of the physiological functions of piglets. In addition, the data reported confirmed that each amino acid targets different parameters related to gut health, suggesting the existence of potential synergies among them.
2023
Review: A systematic review of the effects of functional amino acids on small intestine barrier function and immunity in piglets / Luise, D.; Chalvon-Demersay, T.; Correa, F.; Bosi, P.; Trevisi, P.. - In: ANIMAL. - ISSN 1751-7311. - ELETTRONICO. - 17:Supplement 2(2023), pp. 100771.1-100771.9. [10.1016/j.animal.2023.100771]
Luise, D.; Chalvon-Demersay, T.; Correa, F.; Bosi, P.; Trevisi, P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/958839
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